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βάρβα^ρος , ον,
A.barbarous, i.e. non-Greek, foreign, not in Hom. (but cf. βαρβαρόφωνος)“; β. ψυχαίHeraclit.107; esp. as Subst. βάρβαροι, οἱ, originally all non-Greek-speaking peoples, then specially of the Medes and Persians, A.Pers.255, Hdt.1.58, etc.: generally, opp. Ἕλληνες, Pl.Plt.262d, cf. Th.1.3, Arist.Pol.1252b5, Str.14.2.28; “βαρβάρων Ἕλληνας ἄρχειν εἰκόςE.IA1400; “β. καὶ δοῦλον ταὐτὸ φύσειArist.Pol. 1252b9; οἱ β. δουλικώτεροι τὰ ἤθη φύσει τῶν Ἑλλήνων ib.1285a20; β. πόλεμον war with the barbarians, Th.2.36 codd.; βάρβαρος (sc. γῆ), opp. αἱ Ἑλληνίδες πόλεις, Th.2.97, cf.A.Pers.187, X.An.5.5.16. Adv. -ρως, opp. Ἑλληνικῶς, Porph.Abst.3.3.
2. esp. of language, “φωνὴ β.A.Ag.1051, Pl.Prt.341c; “γλῶσσα β.S.Aj.1263, cf. Hdt.2.57, Str. l. c. supr., etc.; συλλραφαί Hippias 6 D.; of birds, Ar.Av.199. Adv., βαρβάρως, ὠνόμασται have foreign names, Str.10.3.17.
3. Gramm., of bad Greek, Gell.5.20.5; τὸ β., of style, opp. Ἑλληνικόν, S.E.M.1.64.
III. used by Jews of Greeks, LXX2 Ma.2.21.
IV. name for various plasters, Androm. and Herasap.Gal.13.555. (Onomatopoeic acc. to Str.14.2.28.)
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hide References (24 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (24):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1051
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 187
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 255
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 199
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1573
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 150
    • Demosthenes, Against Aristogiton 2, 17
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 1400
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.58
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.57
    • Plato, Statesman, 262d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 341c
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1263
    • Strabo, Geography, 10.3.17
    • Strabo, Geography, 14.2.28
    • Strabo, Geography, 6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.36
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.97
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.98
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.4.34
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.5.16
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 492
    • Old Testament, 2 Maccabees, 2.21
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