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ἄστυ , τό, Ep. and Ion. gen. εος (disyll. in Semon.7.74), Att. and Trag. εως ἄστεος is never required by the metre, ἄστεως (trisyll.) is necessary in E.Or.761, Ph.842, El.246, and is the only form found in Att. Inscrr., as IG2.584.7, 22.463.76; it is a disyll. in E.El.298, Ba. 840): pl.,
2. lower town, opp. acropolis, Hdt.1.176, al.
II. in Attica, town (i.e. Athens), opp. ἀγρός (country), mostly without Art., “στυγῶν μὲν .Ar.Ach.33; “ἐξ ἄστεως νῦν εἰς ἀγρὸν χωρῶμενId.Fr.107; ἔγημα . . ἄγροικος ὢν ἐξ ἄστεως I married a town girl, Id.Nu.47; “τῶν κατ᾽ ἄστυ πραγμάτωνMen.Georg. Fr.4: also with Art., “πρὸς τὸ .Pl.R.327b, 328c, al.
2. Athens, opp. Phalerum or Piraeus, Id.Smp.172a, D.20.12, Arist.Pol.1303b12, al.; τὸ ἄστυ τῆς πόλεως, opp. Piraeus, Lycurg.18; ἄρχοντος ἐν ἄστει, opp. ἐν Σαλαμῖνι, IG2.594.
3. in Egypt, Alexandria, PHal.1.89 (iii B. C.), St.Byz. s.v. ἄστυ, etc.
III. town in the material sense, opp. πόλις (the civic body), Il.17.144.
IV. Adv. ἄστυδε (q. v.). (ϝάστυ, cf. “ϝασστυόχοςIG5(2).77 (Tegea): gen. ϝάστιος ib.7.3170 (Orchom. Boeot.): but prob. not cogn. with Skt. ua/sati 'dwell', which has e in the root.)
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 119
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 535
    • Demosthenes, Against Leptines, 12
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 840
    • Euripides, Electra, 246
    • Euripides, Electra, 298
    • Euripides, Orestes, 761
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 842
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 952
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.176
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.5
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.144
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.332
    • Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, 18
    • Plato, Republic, 327b
    • Plato, Republic, 328c
    • Plato, Symposium, 172a
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1372
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 1154
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 33
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 47
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