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ἄθλιος , α, ον, also ος, ον E.Alc.1038, etc., Att. contr. from ἀέθλιος: (ἄεθλον, ἆθλον):—lit.
A.winning the prize or running for it (this sense only in Ep. form ἀέθλιος, q.v.).
II. metaph., struggling, unhappy, wretched, miserable (this sense only in Att. form ἄθλιος), freq. of persons, A.Th.922, etc.: Comp. “-ιώτεροςS.OT815,1204: Sup. “-ιώτατοςE.Ph.1679:—also of states of life, “. γάμοιA.Th.779; βίος, τύχη, E.Heracl.878, Hec.425:—of that which causes wretchedness, “ἆρ᾽ ἄθλιον τοὔνειδος; S.OC753, cf. El.1140; “πρόσοψιςE.Or.952. Adv., “τὸν ἀθλίως θανόνταS.Ant.26, cf. E.HF707, etc.
2. in moral sense, pitiful, wretched, Lys.32.13, D.10.43; τίς οὕτως . ὅστις . . ; Id.21.66; καὶ γὰρ ἂν . ἦν, εἰ . . ib.191.
3. without any moral sense, wretched, sorry, “θηρσὶν ἄθλιον βοράνE.Ph.1603; “. ζωγράφοςPlu.2.6f. Adv. -ίως καὶ κακῶς with wretched success, D.18.145; “ζῆν .Philem.203.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (18):
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    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 922
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    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 753
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1204
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