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ἀδελφός [α^], (- copul., δελφύς, Arist.HA510b13; cf. ἀγάστωρ) properly,
A.son of the same mother:
I. as Subst., ἀδελφός, , voc. ἄδελφε; Ep., Ion., and Lyr. ἀδελφεός (gen. -ειοῦ in Hom. is for -εόο), Cret. ἀδελφιός, ἀδευφιός, Leg.Gort.2.21, Mon.Ant.18.319:—brother, Hom., etc.; ἀδελφοί brother and sister, E.El.536; so of the Ptolemies, “θεοὶ ἀδελφοίHerod.1.30, OGI50.2 (iii B. C.), etc.; “ἀπ᾽ ἀμφοτέρων ἀδελφεόςHdt.7.97: prov., “χαλεποὶ πόλεμοι ἀδελφῶνE.Fr.975: metaph., “. γέγονα σειρήνωνLXX Jb.30.29.
2. kinsman, ib.Ge.13.8, al.; tribesman, Ex.2.11, al.
3. colleague, associate, PTeb.1.12, IG12 (9).906.19 (Chalcis); member of a college, ib.14.956.
4. term of address, used by kings, OGI138.3 (Philae), J.AJ13.2.2, etc.; generally, LXX Ju.7.30; esp. in letters, PPar.48 (ii B. C.), etc.:—as a term of affection, applicable by wife to husband, LXX To.10.12, PLond.1.42.1 (ii B. C.), etc.
5. brother (as a fellow Christian), Ev.Matt.12.50, Act.Ap.9.30, al.; of other religious communities, e.g. Serapeum, PPar.42.1 (ii B. C.), cf. PTaur.1.1.20.
6. metaph., of things, fellow, ἀνὴρ τῷ . προσκολληθήσεται, of Leviathan's scales, LXX Jb.41.8.
II. Adj., ἀδελφός, ή, όν, brotherly or sisterly, A.Th. 811, etc.; φύσιν . ἔχοντες, of Hephaistos and Athena, Pl.Criti. 109c.
2. generally, of anything double, twin, in pairs, X.Mem. 2.3.19:—also, akin, cognate,μαθήματαArchyt.1; “. νόμοιςPl.Lg. 683a: mostly c. gen., “ἀδελφὰ τῶνδεS.Ant.192; “ δὲ μωρία μάλιστ᾽ . τῆς πονηρίας ἔφυId.Fr.925; freq. in Pl., Phd.108b, Cra.418e, al., cf. Hyp.Epit.35: c. dat., “ἀδελφὰ τούτοισιS.OC1262, cf. Pl.Smp.210b.
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hide References (21 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 811
    • Euripides, Electra, 536
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.97
    • Hyperides, Funeral Oration, 35
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 13.2.2
    • New Testament, Acts, 9.30
    • Old Testament, Genesis, 13.8
    • Old Testament, Genesis, 2.11
    • Old Testament, Job, 30.29
    • Old Testament, Job, 41.8
    • New Testament, Matthew, 12.50
    • Plato, Laws, 683a
    • Plato, Phaedo, 108b
    • Plato, Cratylus, 418e
    • Plato, Symposium, 210b
    • Plato, Critias, 109c
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 192
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1262
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 2.3.19
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 925
    • Old Testament, Tobit, 10.12
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