A.= ἀμφί, but mostly as Adv.:
1. on both sides, ἀ. ἀρωγοί helpers on either hand, to either party, Il.18.502, cf. 519; ἁμαρτῇ δούρασιν ἀ. βάλεν threw with spears from both hands at once, 21.162; σεῖον ζυγὸν ἀ. ἔχοντες having it on both sides, Od.3.486.
2. generally, round about, “ἀ. ἐόντες” Il.24.488; ἀ. ἰδών having looked about, Hes.Op.701 (cf. infr. B. 1); δεσμοὶ . . ἀ. ἔχοιεν may bonds encompass, Od.8.340; “σιδηρέῳ ἄξονι ἀ.” at each end, Il.5.723; and so (rather than between) 3.115, 7.342; μολπὴ ἀ. ἔχει δώματα fills the house, Xenoph. 1.12.
II. apart, asunder, “γαῖαν καὶ οὐρανὸν ἀ. ἔχειν” Od.1.54; ἀ. ἐέργειν to keep apart, Il.13.706; ἀ. ἀγῆναι snap in twain, 11.559; “τόξων ἀϊκὰς ἀ. μένον” 15.709; ἀ. φράζεσθαι think separately, each for himself, i.e. to be divided, 2.13; “ἀ. φρονέοντε” 13.345; ἀ. ἕκαστα εἴρεσθαι to ask each by itself, i.e. one after another, Od.19.46 codd.; ἀ. ἔμμεναι to be absent, Orac. ap. Hdt.1.85.
B. less freq as Prep., like ἀμφί:
I. c.gen. (which it may either precede or follow), around, ἅρματος ἀ. ἰδεῖν look all round his chariot, Il.2.384.
2. apart from, far from, “ἀ. ἐκείνων εἶναι” Od.14.352; “Διὸς ἀ. ἥσθην” Il.8.444; “ἀ. φυλόπιδος” Od.16.267; ἀ. ὁδοῦ aside from, out of road, Il.23.393; πάτρας ἀ. far from her fatherland, E. Hyps.Fr.3 iii 30.