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ἀναβαίνω , impf. ἀνέβαινον: fut. -βήσομαι: (for aor. 1 v. infr. B): aor. 2 ἀνέβην, imper. ἀνάβηθι, -βῶ, -βῆναι, -βάς: pf. -βέβηκα:— Med., aor. 1 -εβησάμην, Ep. 3sg. -εβήσετο, v. infr. B:—Pass., v. infr. 11.2:—
A.go up, mount, c. acc. loci, οὐρανόν, ὑπερώϊα . go up to heaven, to the upper rooms, Il.1.497, Od.18.302; φάτις ἀνθρώπους ἀναβαίνει goes up among, ib.6.29; more freq. with Prep., . εἰς ἐλάτην, ἐς δίφρον, Il.14.287, 16.657; rarely with ἀνά repeated, “ἀν᾽ ὀρσοθύρην .Od.22.132; after Hom., most. freq. with “ἐπί, . ἐπὶ τὰ ὑψηλότατα τῶν ὀρέωνHdt.1.131: c. dat., νεκροῖς . to trample on the dead, Il.10.493: metaph., “ἐπειδὴ ἐνταῦθα ἀναβεβήκαμεν τοῦ λόγουPl. R.445c.
II. Special usages:
1. mount a ship, go on board, in Hom. mostly abs.; ἐς Τροίην . embark for Troy, Od.1.210; “ἀπὸ Κρήτης .14.252; “ἐπὶ τὰς ναῦςTh.4.44, etc.: metaph., ἀναβάσομαι στόλον I will mount a prow, Pi.P.2.62.
2. mount on horse-back (cf. ἀναβάτης)“, . ἐφ᾽ ἵππονX.Cyr.4.1.7, cf. 7.1.3: abs., ἀναβεβηκώς mounted; ἀναβάντες (abs.) “ἐφ᾽ ἵππων ἐλάσαι3.3.27; . ἐπὶ τροχόν mount on the wheel of torture, Antipho 5.40.
b. c. acc., . ἵππον mount a horse, Theopomp.Hist.2:—Pass., [ἵππος] μήπω ἀναβαινόμενος that has not yet been mounted, X.Eq.1.1; ἀναβαθείς when mounted, ib.3.4; “ἐν ἵππῳ ἀναβεβαμένῳId.Eq.Mag. 3.4, cf. 1.4.
3. of land-journeys, go up from the coast into Central Asia, Hdt.5.100, X.An.1.1.2; “. παρὰ βασιλέαPl.Alc.1.123b.
b. go up to a temple, PPar.47.19, Ev.Luc.18.10; to a town, Ev.Matt.20.18, al., cf. PLond.3.1170b.46 (iii A. D.), etc.; in curses, “. παρὰ Δάματρα πεπρημένοςGDI3536.19 (Cnidus), cf. SIG 1180.9 (ibid.).
c. ascend to heaven, Ascens.Is.2.16.
4. of rivers in flood, rise, Hdt.2.13; . ἐς τὰς ἀρούρας overflow the fields, Id.1.193.
5. of plants, shoot up,ἐπὶ δένδραX.Oec.19.18; climb on sticks, Thphr.HP8.3.2; generally, shoot, spring up, Ev.Matt.13.7; of hair, X.Smp.4.23.
6. in Att., . ἐπὶ τὸ βῆμα, or . alone, mount the tribune, rise to speak, D.18.66, 21.205, Prooem.56; . εἰς τὸ πλῆθος, εἰς or ἐπὶ τὸ δικαστήριον come before the people, before the court, Pl. Ap.31c, 40b, Grg.486b; . ἐπὶ τὸν ὀκρίβαντα mount the stage, Id.Smp.194b: abs., “ἀνάβαινεAr.Eq.149; “ἀνάβηθιId.V.963; of witnesses in court, Lys.1.29.
7. of the male, mount, cover,. τὰς θηλέαςHdt.1.192, cf.Ar.Fr.329; “. ἐπίPh.1.651, cf. Moer.3:—Pass., Milet.3.31 (a).6 (vi B. C.).
8. of age, δύο ἀναβεβηκὼς ἔτη τῆς ἡλικίας τῆς ἐμῆς two years older . . , Ach. Tat.1.7.
9. ascend to higher knowledge, ἀναβεβηκυῖα ἐπιστήμη Ph.15.34, cf. 9.30; “τὰ ἀναβεβηκόταgeneralities, Sor.2.5.
10. c. acc., surpass,κάλλει τὴν πᾶσαν διακόσμησινLyd.Ost.22.
III. of things and events, come to an end, turn out, Hdt.7.10.“θ́; ἀπό τινος .result from, X.Ath. 2.17.
b. . ἐπὶ καρδίαν enter into one's heart, of thoughts, LXX 4 Ki.12.4, Je.3.16, 1 Ep.Cor.2.9, cf. Ev.Luc.24.38.
IV. return to the beginning, of discourse, Democr.144a; go back,ἀναβήσεται ἐπὶ τὰς κτίσεις τῶν προγόνωνHermog.Inv.2.2.
B. aor. ἀνέβησα in causal sense, make to go up, esp. put on shipboard, Il.1.143, Pi.P.4.191; so in aor. Med., νὼ ἀναβησάμενοι having taken us on board with them, Od.15.475: rare in Prose, ἄνδρας ἐπὶ καμήλους ἀνέβησε he mounted men on camels, Hdt.1.80.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (50):
    • Antiphon, On the murder of Herodes, 40
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 149
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 963
    • Demosthenes, Exordia, 56
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 66
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 205
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.109
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.192
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.193
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.13
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.100
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.10
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.131
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.80
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.205
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.493
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.287
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.497
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.475
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.210
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.252
    • Homer, Odyssey, 18.302
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.29
    • Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes, 29
    • New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 2.9
    • New Testament, Luke, 24.38
    • Pseudo Xenophon, Constitution of the Athenians, 2.17
    • Plato, Republic, 445c
    • Plato, Apology, 31c
    • Plato, Apology, 40b
    • Plato, Symposium, 194b
    • Plato, Gorgias, 486b
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.1.2
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.3.27
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 4.1.7
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 7.1.3
    • Xenophon, On the Cavalry Commander, 3.4
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 3.4
    • Xenophon, On the Cavalry Commander, 1.4
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 1.1
    • Xenophon, Economics, 19.18
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 4.23
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.657
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.143
    • Homer, Odyssey, 22.132
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.44
    • Old Testament, 2 Kings, 12.4
    • Old Testament, Jeremiah, 3.16
    • New Testament, Luke, 18.10
    • New Testament, Matthew, 20.18
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