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ἀριθμός [α^],
3. ἀριθμῷ, abs., in certain numbers, Hdt.6.58; but “δένδρα ἀριθμῷ ὑμέτεραby tale, Th.2.72; “. διδόναιDionys.Com.3.6.
6. mere number, quantity, opp. quality, ταῦτ᾽ οὐκ . ἐστιν, πάτερ, λόγων a mere set of words, S.OC382; of men, οὐκ . ἄλλως not a mere lot, E.Tr.476; “ἀριθμός, πρόβατ᾽ ἄλλωςAr. Nu.1203; sometimes even of a single man, οὐκ ἀριθμὸν ἀλλ᾽ ἐτητύμως ἄνδρ᾽ ὄντα not a mere unit, E.Heracl.997; also ἀριθμὸν πληροῦν to be a mere cipher, Chor.Milt.66.
II. numbering, counting, μάσσων ἀριθμοῦ past counting, Pi.N.2.23; esp. in phrases, . ποιεῖσθαι τῶν νεῶν to hold a muster of . . , Hdt.8.7; “ποιεῖνX.An.7.1.7, etc.; παρεῖναι εἰς τὸν . ib.II; εἴ τι δυνατὸν ἐς . ἐλθεῖν can be stated in numbers, Th.2.72.
IV. in Philos., abstract number, Arist.Cat.4b23, Metaph.990a19, al.; . μαθηματικός ib.1090b35; . οὐσιώδης, opp. τοῦ ποσοῦ, Plot.5.5.4; . ἑνιαῖος, οὐσιώδης, ἑτεροῖος, Dam.Pr.228.
V. Gramm., number, Stoic.3.214, D.T.634.16, A.D.Synt.32.2,al.; cf. ἑνικός, δυικός, πληθυντικός.
VI. numeral, ib.36.6, etc.; “ τέσσαρα .S.E.M.7.96; παιδὸς ., = δεκάτη, E.El. 1132.
VII. unknown quantity (x), defined as πλῆθος μονάδων ἀορίστων, Dioph.Def.2.
VIII. Rhet., rhythm in Prose, in pl., D.H.Comp.23, Dem.52, cf. Arist.Rh.1408b29; but also “ἀριθμοὶ τῶν ἀρχαίων ποιητᾶνSIG703.7 (Delph.).
IX. line of a book, Apollon. Cit.2.
X. sum of numerical values of letters in a name, Apoc.13.17,al.; φιλῶ ἧς ἀριθμὸς φμέ Pompeian Inscr. in Rend.Linc.10(1901).257.
XI. unit of troops, = Lat. numerus, CIG5187 (vi A. D.), BGU673 (vi A. D.), etc.; = legio, Ath.280d, Zos.5.26, PLond. 5.1711.69 (vi A. D.).
XII. Astrol., mostly in pl., degrees traversed in a given time, Ptol.Tetr.112, Doroth. in Cat.Cod.Astr.6.107.30; τοῖς ἰδίοις . at her normal speed, of the moon, Gal.19.531; also of degrees of latitude, Heph.Astr.2.8,3.1.
XIII. Medic., in pl., precise conditions, παρόντων τῶν πρὸς τὴν φλεβοτομίαν ἀριθμῶν Rh.Mus.58.71, cf. Aret.CA2.3, prob. in Herod.Med. ap. Aët.9.2; cf. supr.1.4. [ι^ E.El.1132, Ar.Nu.1203.] (ἀρι^-θμός from root ἀρι-, cf. ἐπάριτος (q. v.), νήριτος.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (41):
    • Aeschines, Against Timarchus, 78
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 459
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1461b.24
    • Euripides, Electra, 1054
    • Euripides, Electra, 1132
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 1186
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 794
    • Euripides, Helen, 410
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 997
    • Euripides, Ion, 1014
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 620
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 476
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.6
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.14
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.58
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.97
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.7
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.449
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.451
    • Isocrates, Busiris, 16
    • New Testament, Revelation, 13.17
    • Plato, Laws, 668d
    • Plato, Laws, 861e
    • Plato, Republic, 522c
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 155a
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 274c
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 382
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.72
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 2.2.6
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 7.1.7
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.2.16
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 4.45
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 432
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1203
    • Hippocrates, De diaeta in morbis acutis, 3
    • Aretaeus, De curatione acutorum morborum libri duo, 2.3
    • Plutarch, Pericles, 16
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Demosthene, 52
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Compositione Verborum, 23
    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 112
    • Marcus Aurelius, M. Antonius Imperator Ad Se Ipsum, 3.1
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