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αἰθήρ , έρος, in Hom. always ; in Hes. and Att. Prose always ; in Lyr. and Trag. mostly , as always in A., but Pi.O.1.6, B.8.35, S.OT867, and freq. in E.: (αἴθω):—in Hom.,
A.ether, the heaven (wrongly distinguished by Aristarch. from ἀήρ (q.v.) as upper from lower air); “δι᾽ ἠέρος αἰθέρ᾽ ἵκανενIl.14.288; [“Ζεὺς] αἰθέρι ναίων2.412, Hes.Op.18; “νόμοι δι᾽ αἰθέρα τεκνωθέντεςS.OT867; “αἰθὴρ μὲν ψυχὰς ὑπεδέξατο σώματα δὲ χθώνIG1.442, cf. E.Supp.533; of the sky, both cloudless, “νήνεμος αἰ.Il.8.556, and clouded, “ἐν αἰθέρι καὶ νεφέλῃσι15.192, cf. 16.365; freq. in Trag., etc., A.Pr.1044, 1088, Pers.365, E. Ba.150; αἰ. ζοφερός, ἀχλυόεις, A.R.3.1265, 4.927; of the fumes of the Cyclops' mouth, E.Cyc.410.
2. air, Emp.100.5.
3. fifth element, Pl.Epin.981c, 984b, Arist.Cael.270b22; but equivalent to πῦρ, Anaxag.1,15.
b. = πῦρ τεχνικόν, Chrysipp.Stoic.2.168, cf. Arist.Mu.392a5.
4. the divine element in the human soul, Philostr.VA3.34, cf. 42.
II. clime, region, E.Alc.594 (lyr.).
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hide References (20 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (20):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 1044
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 1088
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 365
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 8.35
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 594
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 150
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 410
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 533
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 18
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.288
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.192
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.556
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.365
    • Plato, Epinomis, 981c
    • Plato, Epinomis, 984b
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 867
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.412
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 3.1265
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 4.927
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 3.34
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