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διαλύω , fut. -λύσω, etc.,
A.loose one from another, part asunder, διαπλέκων καὶ διαλύων twining and untwining, Hdt.4.67; “νὺξ δ. τοὺς ἀγωνιζομένουςId.8.11; δ. τὸν σύλλογον, τὴν συνουσίαν, τὴν πανήγυριν, etc., break it up, dismiss it, Id.7.10.δ́, Pl.Ly.223b, X.Cyr.6.1.10, etc.; τὴν σκηνὴν εἰς κοίτην δ. break up the party and go to bed, ib.2.3.1; δ. τὴν στρατιάν ib.6.1.6; τὸ ναυτικόν disband it, Th.2.93:— Med., “συνουσίαςPl.Grg.457d:—Pass., of an army, assembly, etc., disperse, Hdt.1.128, etc.; “ἐκ τοῦ συλλόγουId.3.73, cf. 8.56: in fut. Med., part from one's escort, Th.2.12; of a man, die, X.Cyr.8.7.20.
2. dissolve into its elements, break up, destroy,δ. καὶ ἀπολλύναιPl.R.609a s1.; “ἐξ ἑνὸς εἰς πολλὰ δ.Id.Ti.68d; disperse, break up a herd of sheep, BGU1012.12 (ii B.C.); break up a ship, “παλαιὰν τριήρη δ.IG2.804, cf. PSI4.382 (iii B.C.); τρίπους, ὅρμος διαλελυμένος, SIG2588.169,198 (Delos, ii B.C.); “τὰς οἰκήσειςPlb.4.65.4; dissolve,κοινόνTest.Epict.8.6; “σῴζεσθαι καὶ διαλυθεῖσαν οἴχεσθαι πολιτείανPl.Lg.945c; of the sun, thaw frozen things, X.Cyn.5.2:—Pass., “ἐξ ὧν σύγκειται καὶ εἰς διαλύεταιArist.GC325b19, cf. Ph.204b33, etc.
3. break off, put an end to friendship, “ὁμολογίαςIsoc.4.175; “φιλίανArist.EN1157b10:—Pass., of married persons, separate, be divorced, SIG364.59 (Ephesus):—Med., “διαλύσασθαι ξεινίηνHdt.4.154: abs., dissolve friendship, Arist.EN1162b25:—Pass., “αἱ σπονδαὶ διελέλυντοTh.5.1.
4. put an end to enmity, ἔχθραν, πόλεμον, Id.8.46:—Med., “δ. ἔχθραςIs.7.11; “διαφοράςIsoc.12.160; “πολέμουςId.4.172, cf. D.4.15: in plpf. Pass. (with Med. signf.), “διελέλυσθε τὸν πόλεμονIsoc.14.27 (v.l. διελύεσθε):—Pass., “τὰς ἔχθρας διαλύεσθαιTh.4.19: hence,
b. c. acc. pers., reconcile,πρὸς ἔμ᾽ αὑτὸν διαλύειν ἠξίουD.21.122, cf. 41.14; “δ. τινὰς ἐκ διαφορᾶςPlb.1.87.4; “οὐ γὰρ ἦν διαλύσων οὔτε λόγος οὔτε ὅρκοςTh.3.83; esp. in legal proceedings, PHamb.25.5 (iii B.C.), etc.:—Pass. and Med., c. gen. rei, διαλύεσθαι νείκους to be parted from quarrel, i.e. be reconciled, E.Or.1679 (v.l. νείκας); so διαλυθείσης τῆς διαφορᾶς prob. in D.S.14.110: also abs., to be reconciled, make up a quarrel, X.HG7.4.25, cf. Test. ap. Aeschin. 1.66, Thphr.Char.12.14; “πρός τιναςD.38.24; “περί τινοςLys.4.1: in fut. Med., “ὅπως . . μὴ διαλύσειD.21.216.
6. solve a difficulty, Pl.Sph.252d; “τὴν ἀπορίανArist.Metaph.1062b31:—Med., “διαλύσεσθαι σόφισμαS.E.P.2.238.
7. δ.τὰς τιμάς pay the full value, D.29.7; pay, discharge,τὴν δαπάνηνHdt.5.30; “χρήματαD.20.12; “τὰ συμβόλαιαArist.Pol.1276a11; “χρέος τιϝίPlb.31.27.4; “πάντα διελέλυτοD.28.2: also c. acc. pers., δ. τὸν ναύκληρον satisfy him, i.e. pay him off, D. 49.29, cf. 34.40, 36.50:—Med., order debts to be paid,διαλέλυμαι ταῦταArr.An.7.10.3; but also, to have them paid to oneself, D.Chr. 46.6.
II. relax, weaken,τὸ σῶμαHp.Aph.3.17; esp. of the result of hunger, “διαλύεσθαι τῷ λιμῷUPZ11.27 (ii B.C.), cf. 42.9 (also in Act. intr., ὑπὸ τῆς λιμοῦ δ. ib.122.23 (ii B.C.)); make supple and pliant, Ar.Pax85:—Pass., “δ. καὶ ἀδυνατεῖνArist.HA585a33; ἀνάπλους διαλελυμένος a sailing out in loose order, Plb.16.2.6; διαλελυμένη λέξις a lax style, D.H.Lys.9.
2. abs., slacken one's hold, undo, Theoc.24.32.
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hide References (67 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (67):
    • Aeschines, Against Timarchus, 66
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 85
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1157b.10
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1162b.25
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 1, 15
    • Demosthenes, Against Leptines, 12
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 216
    • Demosthenes, Against Aphobus 2, 2
    • Demosthenes, Against Aphobus, 7
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 122
    • Demosthenes, Against Nausimachus and Xenopeithes, 24
    • Demosthenes, Against Phormio, 40
    • Demosthenes, For Phormio, 50
    • Demosthenes, Against Spudias, 14
    • Demosthenes, Against Timotheus, 29
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 14.110
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1679
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.67
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.128
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.73
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.154
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.30
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.10
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.11
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.56
    • Isaeus, Apollodorus, 11
    • Isocrates, Busiris, 37
    • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 218
    • Isocrates, Plataicus, 27
    • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 160
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 16
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 172
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 175
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 40
    • Lysias, On the Confiscation of the Property of the Brother of Nicias, 15
    • Lysias, On a Wound by Premeditation, 1
    • Plato, Laws, 945c
    • Plato, Republic, 1
    • Plato, Republic, 609a
    • Plato, Sophist, 252d
    • Plato, Lysis, 223b
    • Plato, Gorgias, 457d
    • Plato, Menexenus, 241b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 68d
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.131
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.12
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.83
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.19
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.1
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 2.3.1
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.1.10
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.1.6
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.7.20
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 7.4.25
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 5.2
    • Theophrastus, Characters, 12.14
    • Polybius, Histories, 16.2.6
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.87.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 31.27.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.65.4
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.140
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.93
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 3.17
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.46
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 7.10.3
    • Dio Chrysostom, Orationes, 46.6
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Lysia, 9
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