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ἔλαιον , τό, (ἐλαία)
A.olive-oil, in Hom. mostly anointing-oil, used after the bath, “λοεσσαμένω καὶ ἀλειψαμένω λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳIl.10.577, cf. 14.171, 18.350, etc.; before wrestling and other gymnastic exercises, “πωλησεῦντι τὸ . εἰς τὸ γυμνάσιονIG12(1).3 (Rhodes); . θεῖναι to provide oil at the baths, ib.4.597,606 (Argos): prov., “πῦρ ἐλαίῳ κοιμίσαιLyr.Alex.Adesp.8a); “ἐλαίῳ πῦρ κατας βεννύναιLuc.Tim.44; εὐῶδες . Od.2.339; ῥοδόεν (rose-scented) Il.23.186; “. ῥόδινονHp. Mul.2.135; . λευκον ib.136; “τοῦ λευκοτάτου πάντων . ΣαμιακοῦAntiph.331.
II. any oily substance, “. χήνειονHp.Mul.2.194; κίκινον, ἀμυγδάλινον ., etc., Dsc.1.32,33, etc.; “ῥαφάνινον ἔλαιονPAmh.2.93 (ii A.D.), etc.; . ἀπὸ σελαχῶν, like our 'cod-liver oil', Arist.HA520a18; . ἀπὸ γάλακτος butter, Hecat.154 J.
III. at Athens, oil-market, “ἀναμενῶ σε . . πρὸς τοὔλαιονMen.896.
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