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ἕρμα , ατος, τό,
A.prop, support: in pl., of the props used to keep ships upright when hauled ashore, “νῆα..ἐπ᾽ ἠπείροιο ἔρυσσαν ὑψοῦ ἐπὶ ψαμάθοις, ὑπὸ δ᾽ ἕρματα μακρὰ τάνυσσανIl.1.486, cf. 2.154: metaph., of men, . πόληος prop or stay of the city, 16.549, Od.23.121, Epigr.Gr. 452.11 (Syria); τοῦτο..οἷον . πόλεως κείσθω as a foundation for the city, Pl.Lg.737b; “ὥσπερ . τῆς πολιτείας βέβαιονPlu.2.814c; “. ἐχέγγυον [ἑταιρίας]D.C.Fr.40.15; “ὥσπερ ἕρματος ἀεὶ δεόμενοι τῆς τροφῆςGal.19.208.
2. sunken rock, reef, Alc.Supp.26.6, Hdt.7.183, Th. 7.25, E.Hel.854; “ἄσημα .Anacr.38; “ἄφαντον .A.Ag.1007(lyr.), cf.Eu.564 (lyr.); “. ὕφαλαD.H.1.52; . γῆς ἁπαλόν a soft bank of mud, App.BC5.101.
3. cairn, barrow,πρὸς ἕρμα τυμβόχωστον..τάφουS.Ant.848 (lyr., nisi leg. ἕργμα); Ἑρμᾶν ἀφετήριον ἕρμα starting-post, AP9.319 (Philox.); ἕρματα τῶν θεμελίων ruins of the foundations, D.S.5.70.
4. that which keeps a ship steady, ballast, Plu.2.782b; of stones with which cranes and bees were supposed to steady themselves in their flight, Arist.HA597b1, 626b25; “μετὰ τῶν γεράνων ἀναχωρῶ πάλιν, ἀνθ᾽ ἕρματος πολλὰς καταπεπωκὼς δίκαςAr.Av.1429 : metaph., “τῆς ψυχῆς ἐχούσης .Chrysipp.Stoic.2.299; “τὸ ἀπὸ τῆς φρονήσεως .Socr. ap. Stob.3.3.61; “οἷον . τὴν τῶν γερόντων ἀρχὴν θεμένηPlu.Lyc.5; “οὔτε τι . ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ ἔχειD.C.46.3; also λαβοῦσα . Δῖον having conceived by Zeus, A.Supp.580 (lyr.); so perh. μελαινέων ἕρμ᾽ ὀδυνάων freight of dark pains, Il.4.117 (athetized by Aristarch.).
II. (εἴρω A) in pl., “ἕρματαear-rings, 14.182, Od.18.297; band, noose, Ael. NA17.35; a serpent's coils, ib.37.
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hide References (20 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (20):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1007
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 564
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 580
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1429
    • Euripides, Helen, 854
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.183
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.549
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.486
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.154
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.117
    • Homer, Odyssey, 18.297
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.121
    • Plato, Laws, 737b
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 848
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.25
    • Plutarch, Lycurgus, 5
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 5.70
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 1.52
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 17.35
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 46.3
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