A.surname, additional name; used by Hom. only in acc. abs., like ἐπίκλην, and mostly ἐπίκλησιν καλέειν, as Ἀστυάναξ, ὃν Τρῶες ἐπίκλησιν καλέουσιν Astyanax, as they call him by surname (his name being Scamandrius), Il.22.506; Ἄρκτος, ἣν καὶ Ἄμαξαν ἐ. καλέουσι which they call also the Wain, 18.487, cf. 7.138, 22.29; Τιτῆνας ἐ. καλέεσκεν . . τιταίνοντας ἀτασθαλίῃ μέγα ῥέξαι ἔργον named them Titans, after their endeavouring . . (ἐπὶ τῷ τιταίνειν), Hes.Th. 207; so in Hdt., “ἐ. δὲ ἡ κρήνη ἐπικαλέεται Ἡλίου” 4.181; Ἀθηναίης ἐ. “Ἀσσησίης” 1.19; also, in name only, nominally, [Μενέσθιον] τέκε Πολυδώρη Σπερχειῷ, αὐτὰρ ἐ. Βώρῳ she bare him to Spercheius (really), but nominally to Borus, Il.16.177; “τὸν τοῦ βουκόλου ἐπίκλησιν παῖδα” Hdt.1.114; κατ᾽ ἐ. Apollod.1.3.2; opp. ὄνομα, D.H.5.21.
2.. after Hom., in other cases, surname, name, Th.1.3, etc.
5.. announcement of result of an election, OGI458.82 (i B.C., pl.).
II.. calling upon, invocation, “Ἀφροδίτης” Luc.Salt.II; “δαιμόνων” D.C.78.4: abs., prayer, “ἐ. καὶ εὐχαί” LXX 2 Ma.15.26; “μεμιγμένας ἀπειλαῖς ἐπικλήσεις” D.H.5.21.
2.. call to an office, Astramps. Orac.84.9.