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φάλα^ρον [φα^], τό, (φάλος)
A.boss or disc, mostly in pl., once in Hom., βάλλετο δ᾽ αἰεὶ κὰπ φάλαρ᾽ εὐποίηθ᾽, of metal bosses on a helmet, Il. 16.106; “βασιλείου τιάρας φάλαρον πιφαύσκωνA.Pers.662(lyr.).
II. pl., cheek-pieces of a horse's head-stall (expld. by “παραγναθίδεςHsch., “τὰ τῶν γνάθων σκεπάσματαPhot.), Hdt.1.215, E.Supp.586, X.HG 4.1.39, Ptol.Euerg.9J.; but φάλαρα is a gloss in “ἀμπυκτήρια φ. πώλωνS.OC1069 (lyr.); cf. Lat. phalerae.
2. bandages for the cheek, Heliod. ap. Orib.48.44, Sor.Fasc.18.
III. metaph., ornaments, Plu.2.528a, D.Chr.78.26.
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hide References (6 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (6):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 662
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 586
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.215
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1069
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.1.39
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.106
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