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γενεά , ᾶς, Ion. γενεή , ῆς, , Ep. dat.
I. of the persons in a family,
1. race, family, “Πριάμου γ.Il.20.306, cf. Od.1.222, 16.117; “γενεήν τε τόκον τεIl.15.141; “ἴδμεν . . γενεήν, ἴδμεν δὲ τοκῆας20.203, cf. 214; γενεῇ ὑπέρτερος higher by birth or blood, 11.786 (but younger in Archil. ap. l.); ταύτης εἶναι γ. καὶ αἵματος of this race and blood, Il.6.211; “πατρόθεν ἐκ γενεῆς ὀνομάζειν10.68; γενεῇ by birthright, Od.1.387; Αἰτωλὸς γενεήν by descent, Il.23.471; “γενεὴν Διός21.187; γενεὴ ἔκ τινος descent from . . , ib.157; “γενεὴν ἀπὸ ΘρηίκηςHdt.2.134; of horses, breed, stock, Il.5.265, 268: pl., χρήματα καὶ γενεάς families, Plu.Tim.34; γενεὰν ποιεῖσθαι to have issue, GDI1798 (Delph.); πατριὰ καὶ γ., = φρατρία καὶ γένος, ib.1152 (Elis): hence, tribe, nation, Περσῶν γ., Τυρρηνῶν γ., A.Pers. 912 (lyr.), Eleg.2:—rare in Prose, τίς ὢν γενεάν; X.Cyr.1.1.6; “καὶ αὐτὸν καὶ τὰν γ. ἀπολέσθαιSIG306.8 (Tegea, iv B. C.).
2. race, generation, “οἵηπερ φύλλων γ. τοιήδε καὶ ἀνδρῶνIl.6.146; “δύο γ. μερόπων ἀνθρώπων1.250, etc., cf. Hdt.2.142, Th.1.14, Heraclit. ap. Plu.2.415e (but, = μήν, Id. ap. Lyd.Mens.3.14); “ἀστὴν ἐξ ἀστῶν ἀμφοτέρων ἐπὶ τρεῖς γ. γεγενημένηνSIG1015.6 (Halic.); age, γ. ἀνθρωπηΐη the historical, opp. to the mythical, age, Hdt.3.122; “ἐπὶ τῆς ἡμετέρας γ.D.H.3.15.
3. offspring, Il.21.191, Orac. ap. Hdt.6.86, S.Aj.189 (lyr.); of a single person, Τυροῦς γ. (i. e. Pelias) Pi.P.4.136, cf.l.8(7).71.
II. of Time or Place,
1. birthplace, “γ. ἐπὶ λίμνῃ ΓυγαίῃIl.20.390, cf. Od.1.407; of an eagle's evrie, 15.175.
3. after Hom., time of birth, “ἐκ γενεῆςHdt.3.33,4.23; “ἀπὸ γ.X.Cyr.1.2.8.
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