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ἵλαος [v. sub fin.], ον, Ep. and Lyr. (incl. lyr. of Trag., A.Eu.1040, S.OC1480, Ar.Th.1148): irreg. gen.
A.ἱλάονοςUPZ1.8 (iv B.C.); Att. and later ἵλεως , ων (also in Herod.4.25, v.l. for ἵλεον in Hdt.6.91), dual “ἵλεωPl.Euthd.273e; nom. pl. “ἵλεῳS.OC44, X.Mem.1.1.9 (later ἵλεως indecl. as nom. pl., SIG985.47 (Philadelphia, ii or i B.C.), as acc. sg., LXX 2 Ma.7.37, 10.26, as gen. sg., ib.2.22); neut. “ἵλεαPl. Phd.95a: ἵλεος , ον, Hdt.4.94, 6.91 (v. supr.); also Cret., SIG527.92 (Dreros, iii B.C.), GDI5039.26(Hierapytna), Hsch.: ἵληϝος , dub. in IG5(1).1562Olymp., vi or v B.C.,= Epigr. ap. Paus.5.24.3, where ἱλάῳ); Aeol. ἴλλαος Hdn.Gr.2.524, cf. ἱλάεις:—of gods, propitious, gracious, “ἔπειθ᾽ ἵλαος Ὀλύμπιος ἔσσεται ἡμῖνIl.1.583, cf. Hes.Op.340, Thgn.782, Archil.75, Pi.O.3.34, Ar. ll. cc., Theoc.5.18: in Prose, Pl.Lg.712b, LXXGe.43.23, al., UPZ78.24 (εἵλ-, ii B.C.), Ep.Hebr.8.12, etc.; in deprecation, ἵλεώς σοι, κύριε (sc. θεός), i.e. be it far from thee, Ev.Matt.16.22; “. ἡμῖν Πλάτων καὶ ἐνταῦθαOGI721.10 (Egypt, iv A.D.).
2. of things, propitious, blameless, atoned for, ἵλαον ἦναι, opp. ἰνμενφὲς ἦναι, IG5(2).262(Mantinea, v B.C.).
III. Adv. ἱλάως and ἱλέως, Hsch. [ι_ always: α_ Il.1.583, h.Cer.204, Hes. and A. ll. cc., Euph.12, Pae.Erythr.19, Theoc.5.18, Epigr. ap. Paus. l.c., IG12(2).476, Parth.Fr.4; elsewh. α^, v. supr., also Id.Fr.32, etc.]
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (27):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 1040
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 1148
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.94
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.91
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 340
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.583
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.639
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 2 to Demeter, 204
    • New Testament, Hebrews, 8.12
    • New Testament, Matthew, 16.22
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5.24.3
    • Plato, Laws, 649a
    • Plato, Laws, 712b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 95a
    • Plato, Symposium, 206d
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 273e
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1009
    • Sophocles, Electra, 655
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1480
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 44
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.1.9
    • Homer, Iliad, 19.178
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 763
    • Old Testament, 2 Maccabees, 10.26
    • Old Testament, 2 Maccabees, 2.22
    • Old Testament, 2 Maccabees, 7.37
    • Old Testament, Genesis, 43.23
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