I. of Place,
2. elsewh. relat., in which place, where, 2.558, Od.9.136, Hdt.2.133,9.27,54, Pi.O.1.95, B.10.79, A.Pr.21, al., S.El.22,855, Ar.Ra.1231, etc.: rarely in Att. Prose, Lys.13.72 (v. infr.), Pl.Ap.17c, Phlb.61b; ἵ. ἡ Νίκη (sc. ἐστίν) IG22.1407.13: rare in later Greek, Arr.An.1.3.2, Luc.Cont.22, Ind.3: with particles, “ἵ. τε” Il.20.478; “ἵ. περ” 24.382, Od.13.364, Lys. l.c.; ἵν᾽ ἄν c. subj., wherever, S.OC405, E.Ion315; as indirect interrog., Hdt.1.179, 2.150, E.Hec.1008.
b. after Hom., like other Advs. of Place, c. gen., “ἵ. τῆς χώρης” Hdt.1.98; ἔμαθε ἵ. ἦν κακοῦ in what a calamity, Id.1.213; “οὐδ᾽ ὁρᾶν ἵν᾽ ἐ̂ κακοῦ” S.OT367; ἵν᾽ ἕσταμεν χρείας ib.1442; “ἵν᾽ ἦμεν ἄτης” Id.El.936; “ὁρᾷς ἵν᾽ ἐσμὲν αὐτοῦ πέρι τῆς ἀπορίας” Pl.Sph.243b.
c. with Verbs of motion, whither, Od.4.821, al.; “ὁρᾷς ἵν᾽ ἥκεις” S.OT687, al., Din.2.10; “῞ιναπερ ὥρμητο” Th. 4.74.
II. of circumstance, γάμος . . , ἵ. χρή at which, when, Od.6.27; ἵ. μὲν ἐξῆν αὐτοῖς . . , ἐνταῦθα . . when it was in their power, Antipho 6.9.
2. = ἐάν, dub. in Il.7.353 (v.l. ἵν᾽ ἄν, cf. Sch.), Archil. 74.7 codd., v.l. in Din.1.1, and Pl.Chrm.176b.
B. Final Conj., that, in order that, from Hom. downwards, mostly first word in the clause, but sts. preceded by an emphatic word, Pl.Chrm.169d; “ἵ. δή” Il.7.26, 23.207, Hdt.1.29, Pl.R.420e, 610c: never with ἄν or κε (if found, these particles belong to the Verb, as in Od.12.156, E.IA1579).
I. general usage:
1. with subj.,
a. after primary tenses of ind., also subj. and imper.: pres. ind., Il.3.252, Od.2.111, X.Mem.3.2.3, Cyr.1.2.11, Isoc.3.2: pf. ind., Il.1.203, Isoc.4.129: fut., Od.2.307,4.591, X.Cyr.1.2.15; subj., S.OT364; imper., Il.19.348,al., A.Pr.61, S.Ph.880, Ar.Ra.297, Pl.R.341b, Men.71d.
b. after historical tenses, in similes, where the aor. is gnomic, Od.5.490 (αὔοι codd.); where aor. is treated as equiv. to pf., Il.9.99, Od.8.580, Hdt.5.91, Lys.1.4, D.9.26: when the purpose is regarded from the point of view of the speaker's present, “σὲ παῖδα ποιεύμην ἵ. μοι . . λοιγὸν ἀμύνῃς” Il.9.495, cf. Hdt.1.29, 6.100, Th.1.44, al., Lys.1.11,12,al.
c. after opt. and ἄν, when opt. with οὐκ ἄν is used with sense of imper., Il.24.264, Od.6.58; after βουλοίμην ἄν . . , Lys.7.12.
2. with opt.,
a. after historical tenses, Il.5.3, Od.3.2, A. Th.215, Lys.3.11, Pl.Prt.314c, etc.: after the historical pres., E. Hec.11: sts. both moods, subj. and opt., follow in consecutive clauses, Od.3.77, Hdt.8.76,9.51, D.23.93,49.14.
3. with past tenses of ind.,
a. after unfulfilled wishes, Id.Cri.44d.
b. after ind. with ἄν, to express a consequence which has not followed or cannot follow, S.OT1389, Pl.Men.89b, D.29.17: esp. after ἐβουλόμην ἄν . . , Ar. V.961, Lys.4.3.
c. after such Verbs as ἐχρῆν, ἔδει, E.Hipp.647, Pl.Prt.335c, Smp.181e, Euthd.304e, Isoc.9.5, D.24.48, Men.349.5, etc.: whenan unfulfilled obligation is implied, τεθαύμακα ὅτι οὐκ εἶπεν ( = ἔδει εἰπεῖν）“ . . ἵ . . . ” Pl.Tht.161c; ἀντὶ τοῦ κοσμεῖν ( = δέον κοσμεῖν）“ . . ἵ . . . ” D.36.47.
d. after pres. ind. in general statements (including the past), “οὐδὲ γὰρ τὸ εἶναι ἔχει ἡ ὕλη, ἱ. ἀγαθοῦ ταύτῃ μετεῖχεν” Plot.1.8.5.
II. special usages:
1. like ὅπως, after Verbs of command and entreaty, is common only in later Gr. (but cf. Od.3.327 with ib.19), ἀξιοῦν ἵ . . . Decr. ap. D.18.155; “δεήσεσθαι ἵ . . . ” D.H.1.83; “παρακαλεῖν ἵ . . . ” Arr.Epict.3.23.27: freq. in NT, “ἐκήρυξαν ἵ. μετανοήσωσιν” Ev.Marc.6.12, al.; of will, ὅσα ἐὰν θέλητε ἵ. ποιῶσιν . . ib.25: hence ἵ. c. subj. stands for infin., ἐν τούτῳ ἵ. καρπὸν φέρητε ( = ἐν τῷ φέρειν) Ev.Jo.15.8, etc.; “πρῶτόν ἐστιν ἵ. κοιμηθῶ” Arr.Epict.1.10.8, cf. M.Ant.8.29; also for ὥστε, LXX Ge.22.14,al., Plu.2.333a, Porph.Abst.2.33, etc.
2. because, ἵ. ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην I was honoured because I read, Anon. ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.21, Choerob.in Theod.2.257, al.; not found in literature.
3. elliptical usages,
a. where the purpose of the utterance is stated, Ζεὺς ἔσθ᾽, ἵν᾽ εἰδῇς 'tis Zeus,— [I tell thee this] that thou may'st know it, S.Ph.989; “ἵ. μὴ εἴπω ὅτι οὐδεμιᾷ” Pl.R.507d; “ἵ. συντέμω” D.45.5; “ἵν᾽ ἐκ τούτων ἄρξωμαι” Id.21.43; ἵ. δῶμεν . . granted that . . , S.E.P.2.34, cf. 1.79.
b. in commands, introducing a principal sentence, ἵ. συντάξῃς order him . . , PCair.Zen. 240.12 (iii B.C.); “ἵ. λαλήσῃς” PSI4.412.1 (iii B.C.); “ἵ. ἐλθὼν ἐπιθῇς τὰς χεῖρας αὐτῇ” Ev.Marc.5.23,cf. 2 Ep.Cor.8.7, LXX 2 Ma.1.9, Arr.Epict.4.1.41, Did. ap. Sch.S.OC156.
c. ἵ. τί (sc. γένηται); to what end? either abs. or as a question, Ar.Ec.719; or with a Verb following, Id.Pax 409, cf. Pl.Ap.26d, etc.; ἵ. δὴ τί; Ar.Nu.1192.