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ἴον [ι^], τό, heterocl. dat. pl. ἰάσι^ [ι_α^] Nic.Fr.74.2:—
A.violet, Viola odorata, “στέφανοι ἴωνSapph.Supp.23.12, cf. Pi.O.6.55, etc.; “καὶ τὸ ἴον μέλαν ἐντίTheoc.10.28, cf. AP4.21 (Mel.); κυαναυγές ib.5.73 (Rufin.); “. τὸ μέλανThphr.HP1.13.2, CP1.13.12; ἴον alone, Dsc. 4.121:—in Od.5.72, λειμῶνες μαλακοὶ ἴου ἠδὲ σελίνου θήλεον, there were vv.ll. σίου (Ptol. Euerg.) and θρύου.
II. ἴον τὸ λευκόν ( = λευκόϊον, q.v.) gilliflower, Matthiola incana, Thphr.HP6.6.3; also ἴον alone, ib.6.8.1.
III. = κρίνον, Philin. ap. Ath.15.681b.
IV. generally, any flower, EM473.10.
V. a precious stone of dark colour, Plin.HN37.170. (ϝίον, cf. γία: ἄνθη, Hsch., Lat. viola.
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    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.72
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