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κάλυξ [α^], υ^κος, , also v.l. in Dsc.2.143: (perh. cogn. with καλύπτω):—
A.covering, used only of flowers and fruits:
1. seed-vessel, husk, shell or pod, of the water-lily, Hdt.2.92; of rice, Id.3.100; of wheat, πρὶν ἂν ἐν τῇ κάλυκι γένηται [ στάχυς] Thphr.HP8.2.4, cf. 8.4.3; κάλυκος ἐν λοχεύμασι, i.e. when the fruit is setting, A.Ag. 1392, cf. S.OT25, Ar.Av.1065 (lyr.).
2. cup or calyx of a flower, “ἀνεμωνῶν κάλυξι . . ἠριναῖςCratin.98; “κισσοῖο καλύκεσσιTheoc.3.23; “ὅσα ἐν κάλυκι ἀνθεῖArist.HA554a12; [φύλλοις] “τοῖς τῶν ῥόδων ὅταν ἐν κάλυξιν ὦσιThphr.HP4.10.3; ῥόδου κ. ibid.; so in Poets, rosebud, h.Cer.427, AP12.8 (Strato), etc.: metaph., “σταθερὰ . . κ. νεαρᾶς ἥβηςAr.Fr.467.
II. in pl., women's ornaments, perh. ear-rings shaped like flower cups, Il.18.401 (other expl. in Sch.), cf. h.Ven. 87.
III. = ἄγχουσα, Dsc.4.23.
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hide References (7 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (7):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1392
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1065
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.92
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.100
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.401
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 5 to Aphrodite, 87
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 25
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