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κα?́θαρ-σις , εως, , Elean κόθαρσις Schwyzer 412,
A.cleansing from guilt or defilement, purification, Hdt.1.35, Pl.Cra.405a, etc.; “κάθαρσις . . τὸ χωρίζειν ὅτι μάλιστα ἀπὸ τοῦ σώματος τὴν ψυχήνId.Phd.67c, cf. Sph.227c (pl.); cleansing of the universe by fire, Zeno and Chrysipp.Stoic.2.184; cleansing of food by or before cooking, Diocl. Fr.138.
2. clarification, “φυσικῶν προβλημάτωνEpicur.Ep.2p.36U.; καθάρσεως δεῖται needs explanation, Phld.Lib.p.22O.
II. Medic., clearing off of morbid humours, etc., evacuation, whether natural or by the use of medicines (cf. Gal.17(2).358), Hp.Aph. 5.36, cf. Acut.Sp.31, etc.; ἰατρικὴ κ. Pl.Lg.628d; καθάρσεις, the menses in women, Hp.Aph.5.60; “καθάρσεις καταμηνίωνArist. HA572b29; so κάθαρσις alone, Id.GA775b5; “κ. μετὰ τόκονHp.Aër. 7; ἐν τοῖς τόκοις κ. Arist.HA574b4; “κ. αἵματος αὐτομάτη μοι . . συνέβηD.54.12.
III. pruning of trees, Thphr.CP3.7.12.
IV. winnowing of grain, in pl., PTeb.92.10 (ii B.C.); “κ. πυροῦPRyl.71.9 (i B.C.); “τοῦ καρποῦPh.2.57 (sg.).
V. clearing of land, PSI6.577.13 (iii B.C.), PPetr.3p.122 (iii B.C.), etc.
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hide References (9 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (9):
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1449b.28
    • Demosthenes, Against Conon, 12
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.35
    • Plato, Laws, 628d
    • Plato, Phaedo, 67c
    • Plato, Cratylus, 405a
    • Plato, Sophist, 227c
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 5.36
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 5.60
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