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λευκός , ή, όν,
A.light, bright, clear (opp. μέλας in all senses), “αἴγληOd. 6.45; λευκὸν (v.l. λαμπρόν)“ . . ἠέλιος ὥςIl.14.185; “λ. φάοςS.Aj.708 (lyr.), cf. infr. 11.3; “αἰθήρE.Andr.1228 (anap.); of metallic surfaces, “λέβηςIl.23.268; λ. γαλήνη a glassy calm, Od.10.94; of water, clear, limpid, Il.23.282, Od.5.70, A.Supp.23 (anap.); “λ. νᾶμαE.HF573; -“ότατος ποταμῶνCall.Jov.19.
2. metaph., clear, distinct, of the voice, Arist.Top.106a25, S.E.M.6.41: in literary sense, clear, “λ. στίχοςAP11.347 (Phil.): prov., λευκὸς Ἑρμῆς, when a rogue was detected, Macar. 5.53. Adv. -κῶς, πάντα φαίνειν, of Hermes, Corn.ND16: Comp. -ότερον, διαλεχθῆναιHld.7.20.
II. of colour, white, freq. in Hom., varying from the pure white of snow ([“ἵπποι] -ότεροι χιόνοςIl.10.437) to the grey of dust (“λευκοὶ ἐγένοντο κονισάλῳ5.503); “γάλα λ.4.434; “κρῖ5.196; “ἄλφιτα18.560; “ἡνία λεύκ᾽ ἐλέφαντι5.583; “ὀδόντες10.263; “ὀστέα16.347; “ἱστία1.480; “φᾶρος18.353, etc.; λ. ἅρμα, = λεύκιππον, E.Ph.172; of the white horses used by tyrants, “λ. ζεῦγοςD. 21.158, cf. λεύκιππος; λ. λίθος marble, OGI219.36 (Sigeum, iii B.C.), etc., cf. λευκόλιθος; λευκῷ<᾿ν>λίθῳ λ. στάθμη a white line on a white stone, prov. of explanations which do not explain, S.Fr.330; λ. ῥίζα white root (= τοῦ δρακοντίου, acc. to Gal.19.118), Hp.Morb.2.48, Nat.Mul.32; freq. of white or grey hair, “λ. κάρηTyrt.10.23; “θρίξS.Ant.1092; “λ. γῆραςId.Aj.625 (lyr.); “λευκὰ γήρᾳ σώματαE.HF 909, etc.
b. of the human skin, white, fair, sts. as a sign of youth and beauty, χρώς, πήχεε, Il.11.573, Od.23.240; λ. παρειά, παρηΐς, S.Ant.1239, E.Med.923; σάρξ, δέρη, ib.1189 (v.l.), IA875 (troch.); freq. with the notion of bare, κῶλον, πούς, Id.Ba.665, 863 (lyr.), Ion 221 (lyr.); cf. λευκόπους.
c. of persons, white-skinned, Pl.R.474e: hence, weakly, womanish, Ar.Th.191, Ec.428, X.HG3.4.19; “λευκῶν ἀνδρῶν οὐδὲν ὄφελοςMacar.5.55; cf. λευκόπρωκτος, λευκόχρως.
2. λ. χρυσός, pale gold, i.e. gold alloyed with silver (prob. the same as ἤλεκτρον), opp. ἄπεφθος χρυσός, Hdt.1.50.
3. metaph., bright, fortunate, happy, “λευκὸν ἦμαρ νυκτὸς ἐκ μελαγχίμουA.Pers.301, cf. Ag.668; a joyful day or holiday, Call.Aet.1.1.2; λ. ἡμέρα a happy day, S.Fr.6, cf. PSI9.1094.39; variously expld. in Phylarch. 83 J., Plu.Per.27; λ. ψῆφος the vote of acquittal, Luc.Harm.3, cf. Hsch.
III. λεύκη, , λευκόν, τό, as Subst., v. sub vocc. (Cogn. with Lat. lux, etc.)
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hide References (46 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (46):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 668
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 301
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 23
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 428
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 191
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 158
    • Euripides, Andromache, 1228
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 665
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 863
    • Euripides, Heracles, 573
    • Euripides, Heracles, 909
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 875
    • Euripides, Ion, 221
    • Euripides, Medea, 1189
    • Euripides, Medea, 923
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 172
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.50
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.437
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.573
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.347
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.560
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.480
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.268
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.282
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.434
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.196
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.503
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.353
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.240
    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.70
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.94
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.45
    • Plato, Republic, 474e
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 11.3
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 625
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 708
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1092
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1239
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 3.4.19
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.263
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.185
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.583
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 330
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 6
    • Plutarch, Pericles, 27
    • Lucian, Harmonides, 3
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