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λόφος , ,
A.back of the neck; of a horse, withers, Il.23.508; “ὑποζυγίωνDsc.4.185; of a man, nape of the neck, Il.10.573: metaph., ὑπὸ ζυγῷ λόφον ἔχειν have the neck under the yoke, i.e. obey patiently, S. Ant.292; cf. “εὔλοφος11.
II. crest of a hill, ridge, Od.11.596, 16.471, Hdt.2.124; so always in Pi., as O.8.17, N.5.46, and in Th.4.124, Pl.Lg.682b.
III. crest of a helmet, “κυνέην . . ἵππουριν, δεινὸν δὲ λόφος καθύπερθεν ἔνευενIl.16.138, cf. 6.469, 15.537; “λεῦκοι ἴππιοι λ.Alc.15.2; “χρύσεος λ.Il.18.612, cf. 19.383; “τρεῖς κατασκίους λ. σείειA.Th.384, cf. Ar.Ach.575, 586; “λόφων ἐπένευον ἔθειραιTheoc.22.186; of Carian origin acc. to Hdt.1.171; “λ. τε σείων ΚάρικονAlc.22; λ. ὑακινθοβαφής, on a Persian helmet, X.Cyr.6.4.2; “λ. τρίχινοιPSI5.533.7 (iii B.C.); Ar. jeers at the λόφοι of Lamachus, Ach.575, 586, 965 sq., 1074.—Rare in any of these senses in Att. Prose.
2. after Hom., crest or tuft on the head of birds, whether of feathers, as the lark's crest, Simon.68, cf. Arist.HA617b20; or of flesh, as the cock's comb, Ar.Eq.496, Av.1366, Arist.HA486b13, Phld.Rh.2.188 S.: metaph., “ῥήματα . . ὀφρῦς ἔχοντα καὶ λόφουςAr.Ra.925.
3. of men, tuft of hair upon the crown, λόφους κείρεσθαι shave so as to leave tufts, Hdt.4.175; Χῖος λ. a tonsure in the middle of the head, Eust.1462.38.
4. of large fishes, = λοφιά, Plu.2.978a.
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hide References (25 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (25):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 384
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 575
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 586
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 965
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1366
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 925
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 496
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.171
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.124
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.175
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.573
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.537
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.138
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.612
    • Homer, Iliad, 19.383
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.508
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.469
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.596
    • Homer, Odyssey, 16.471
    • Plato, Laws, 682b
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 11
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 292
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.124
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.4.2
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 1074
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