previous next
μάχαιρ-α [μα^], ας (later -ης, dat. -, PTeb.16.14 (ii B. C.), Ev.Luc.21.24, etc.), ,
A.large knife or dirk, Il.11.844, 18.597, 19.252; “μ. οἱ πὰρ ξίφεος μέγα κουλεὸν αἰὲν ἄωρτο3.271; carving-knife, Pi.O. 1.49, Hdt.2.61, Ar.Eq.489, Pl.R.353a, etc.; “κοπίδες μ.E.Cyc.242; sacrificial knife, Ar.Pax 948, Pl.Com.91, Michel832.52 (Samos, iv B. C.):— Δελφικὴ μ. a knife adapted to various purposes, Arist. Pol.1252b2, cf. Hsch. s.v. Δελφικὴ μ.; prov., of greedy persons, because Delphian sacrificers claimed a share for the knife, App.Prov. 1.94.
2. as a weapon, short sword, dagger, Pi.N.4.59, Hdt.6.75, 7.225, Lys.13.87, etc.; an assassin's weapon, Antipho 5.69; used by jugglers, Pl.Euthd.294e (pl.), etc.; later, sabre, opp. the straight sword (ξίφος), X.Eq.12.11, cf. HG3.3.7, Cyr.1.2.13, Ev.Matt.26.52, etc.; οἱ ἐπὶ τῆς μ., of a bodyguard, Arr.Epict.1.30.7; but, ἐπὶ μ. τασσόμενοι possessing power of life and death (jus gladii), Cat.Cod. Astr.8(4).173; μ. ἱππική cavalry sabre, IG11(2).161 B99 (Delos, iii B. C.).
3. μ. κουρίδες, shears or scissors, Cratin.37; κεκαρμένος μοιχὸν μιᾶ μ., i.e. with one blade, Ar.Ach.849, cf. Poll.2.32 (where διπλῇ is f.l.), Hsch. s.v. μιᾷ μαχαίρᾳ; μ. κουρικαί Plu.Dio9.
4. metaph., “διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρόςZen.3.19, cf. Posidipp.1.10; “μ. τοῦ πνεύματοςEp.Eph.6.17, cf. LXX Is.49.2.
II. name of a precious stone, Arist.Mir.847a5, Ps.-Plu.Fluv.10.5.
III. part of the liver, Ruf.Onom.180.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (23 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (23):
    • Antiphon, On the murder of Herodes, 69
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 489
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 948
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 242
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.61
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.75
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.225
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.271
    • Lysias, Against Agoratus, 87
    • New Testament, Ephesians, 6.17
    • New Testament, Luke, 21.24
    • Plato, Republic, 353a
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 294e
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 1.2.13
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 3.3.7
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 12.11
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.844
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.597
    • Homer, Iliad, 19.252
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 849
    • Old Testament, Isaiah, 49.2
    • New Testament, Matthew, 26.52
    • Plutarch, Dion, 9
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: