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μαλθα^κ-ός , ή, όν, Aeol. μόλθακος Alc.Oxy.1789.1 ii 3:—
I. of things subject to touch, “ἄνθεαh.Hom.30.15; δρόσος, γυῖα, Pi.P.5.99, N.4.4; “γνόφαλλονAlc.34; “τύλαSapph.50; σιαγόνας μαλθακὰς τίθησι, of a boxer, S.Fr.112; μέχρις οὗ ευ Pap.) . . “τὸ βρέγμα τῷ σκίπωνι μαλθακὸν θῶμαιHerod.8.8; of ground, stoneless, “χῶρός ἐστι μ.A.Fr.199.5; “τὰ μ. γαίαςE.Hipp.1226; “χρώςId.Med.1075; μ. τινά, opp. στερεόν, Pl.Phdr.239c; μ. ὕδατα, of marsh water, Hp.Aër.1; μ. πῦρ a slow fire, Id.Ulc.12; μ. νηδύες relaxed, Id.Aër.7: Comp. “ωτέρα σικυοῦTheopomp.Com.72: Sup., Eup.319. Adv. -κῶς, κατακεῖσθαι to recline on soft cushions, Ar.Ach.70; φιλήσατόν με μ. ib. 1200.
II. mostly metaph., faint-hearted, cowardly, “αἰχμητήςIl. 17.588; “ὄκνοςAlc.Oxy.l.c.; “μηδὲ μ. γένῃA.Eu.74; “τὸ μ. βίουE. Supp.883; μ. τι ἐνδιδόναι show signs of relenting, Id.Hel.508; also, weak, feeble, Ar.V.714.
b. = κίναιδος, Cael.Aur.TP4.131.
2. in good sense, gentle, mild, “ὕπνοςHes.Fr.121.4; “μαλθακὰ κωτίλλωνThgn.852; οἶνος ὡς -ώτατος mild, weak, Hp.Morb.2.44; μ. φωνά, ἀοιδά, κοινωνία, φθέγμα, Pi.P.4.137, N.9.49, P.1.98,8.31; “μ. ὀμμάτων βέλοςA.Ag.742 (lyr.); “μ. λόγοιS.Ph.629; “γῆρυςAr.Av.233 (lyr.); ἐς τὸ μ. προσάγεσθαι to bring to a mild temper, E.Or.714; ὀργὴ γέροντος μ. mellow temper, S.Fr.894; “μεταστρέφεσθαι πρὸς τὸ -ώτερονAr.Ra. 539 (lyr.); of pain, -ωτέρας ποιεῖν [τὰς ὠδῖνας] Pl.Tht.149d. Adv. gently, mildly, “τὸν κρατοῦντα -κῶςA.Ag.951; “σκληρὰ μ. λέγεινS.OC 774: neut. as Adv., “μαλθακόν σφ᾽ ἐπόψεταιA.Ag.1642: Comp. -ωτέρως, παραμυθούμενοι Pl Sph.230a.—Mainly poet., esp. Lyr. and Trag. (μαλακός being the Prose word), but also in Hp. and Pl.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (24):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 742
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 74
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 1200
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 70
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 233
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 539
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 714
    • Euripides, Helen, 508
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 1226
    • Euripides, Medea, 1075
    • Euripides, Orestes, 714
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 883
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.588
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 30 to Earth, 15
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 149d
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 239c
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 774
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 629
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 894
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 112
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1642
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 951
    • Hippocrates, De ulceribus, 12
    • Hippocrates, De ulceribus, 7
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