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μελαίνω (Act. not in Hom. or Hes.), aor. 1 inf.
A.μελᾶναιArist. Mete.371a23:—Pass., pf. “μεμέλαμμαιAntyll. ap. Orib.10.36.1: aor. “ἐμελάνθηνS.Aj.919; Ep. 3pl. “μελάνθησανHes.Sc.300: (μέλας):— blacken, make black, Arist. l. c., Pr.966b22, Nic.Al.472: metaph., μ. φράσιν use an obscure expression, Ath.10.451c; “μ. τὸ σαφέςD.H. Pomp.2:—Pass., μελαίνετο δὲ χρόα καλόν she had her fair skin stained black (i.e. with blood), Il.5.354; “μελανθὲν αἷμαS. l. c., cf. Gal.18(1).33; of earth just turned up, “ δὲ μελαίνετ᾽ ὄπισθενIl.18.548; of ripening grapes, Hes. l. c.; of a newly-bearded chin, ib.167; “αἱ λευκαὶ τρίχες ἐμελαίνοντοPl.Plt.270e; of hair, to be dyed black, Ar.Ec.736; μεμελαμμένοι ὀδόντες Antyll.l.c.
2. Medic., cause μελασμός (q. v.), Hp.Aph.5.20:—Pass., turn black, as a symptom of mortification, Id.Art.69, Fract.11.
3. metaph., blacken, misrepresent, Simp. in Cael.290.24.
4. Pass., receive an impression of blackness, S.E.M. 7.293.
II. intr., = Pass., grow black, Pl.Ti.83a, Thphr.Ign.50, AP5.123 (Phld.), Plu.2.517c.
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hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (11):
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 736
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 300
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.548
    • Plato, Statesman, 270e
    • Plato, Timaeus, 83a
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 919
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.354
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 69
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 5.20
    • Hippocrates, De fracturis, 11
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Epistula ad Pompeium Geminum, 2
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