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μηχα^ν-ή , Dor. μα_χα^νά , , (μῆχος):
I. contrivance, esp. machine for lifting weights and the like , crane, Hdt.2.125, IG11(2).161 A69, al. (Delos, iii B. C.); μ. τετράκωλος, δίκωλος, Rev.Phil.44.251 (Didyma, ii B. C.); “μ. λιθαγωγόςPoll. 10.148; ἰχθυβόλῳ μ., of Poseidon's trident, A.Th.132 (lyr.); λαοπόροις μ., of Xerxes' bridge of boats, Id.Pers.114 (lyr.), cf. 722; freq. of irrigation machines, POxy.985 (i A. D.), etc.; also of oil-presses, Wilcken Chr.176.10 (i/ii A. D.), etc.
3. theatrical machine by which gods, etc., were made to appear in the air, Pl.Cra.425d, Clit.407a; “αἴρειν μ.Antiph.191.15, Alex.126.19: hence, prov. of anything sudden and unexpected, “ἀπὸ μηχανῆς θεὸς ἐπεφάνηςMen. 227; “ὥσπερ ἀπὸ μ.D.40.59, cf. Arist.Po.1454b1.
4. area of land irrigated by a machine, POxy.1830.13 (vi A. D.), PLond.5.1765 (vi A. D.), PSI1.77.14 (vi A. D.).
II. any artificial means or contrivance for doing a thing, “ἤτοι κλήρῳ . . , ἄλλῃ τινὶ μ.Hdt.3.83; “εἴ τίς ἐστι μ., ἴθι καὶ πειρῶId.8.57, etc.; esp. in pl. μηχαναί, shifts, devices, wiles, Hes.Th. 146; “πάντα σοφίσματα καὶ πάσας μ. ἐπεποιήκεε ἐς αὐτοὺς ΔαρεῖοςHdt. 3.152; μηχαναῖς Διός by the arts of Zeus, A.Ag.677; χερὸς . . ἐκτίνοντα μηχανάς acts of violence, ib.1582; “Ὀρέστην μηχαναῖσι μὲν θανόντα, νῦν δὲ μηχαναῖς σεσωσμένονS.El.1228; “κρατεῖ μαχαναῖς . . θηρόςId.Ant.349 (lyr.); “σοφιστῶν μ.Pl.Lg.908d: prov., “μηχαναὶ ΣισύφουAr.Ach.391:—Phrases: “πάσας προσφέροντε μ.E.IT112; “μηχανὴν προσοιστέονAr.Th.1132; “πᾶσαν σπουδὴν καὶ μ. προσφερόμενοςPlb.1.18.11; “ἐπεισήγαγον μ.Id.29.25.1; “μηχανὰς εὑρήσομεν, ὥστε ἀπαλλάξαιA.Eu.82; “πλέκεινE.Andr.66; “πορίζεσθαιPl.Smp. 191b; “ἐκπορίζεινAr.V.365; ζητεῖν ib.149; ἀντλεῖν μαχανάν exhaust one's resources, Pi.P.3.62; κατ᾽ ἐμὰν μ. ib.109: c. gen. objecti, ἔξευρε μ. τιν᾽ Ἀδμήτῳ κακῶν contrivance against ills, E.Alc.221 (lyr.); but μ. σωτηρίας a way, means of procuring or providing safety, A. Th.209; “μυρίων οὐσῶν μ. ἀπαλλαγῆςX.Cyr.5.1.12; οὐδεμία μ. [ἐστι] ὅκως οὐ c. fut. ind., Hdt.2.160; μὴ οὐ c. inf., ib. 181, 3.51; τὸ μὴ οὐ (prob.) Id.1.209; τίς μ. μὴ οὐχὶ . . ; Pl.Phd.72d.
2. freq. in adverb. phrases, μηδεμιῇ μ. by no means whatsoever, by no contrivance, Hdt. 7.51, etc.; “οὓς οὐδεμιῇ μ. δεῖ τιτρώσκεινHp.Art.11; so μήτε τέχνῃ μήτε μ. μηδεμιᾷ Foed. ap. Th.5.18, cf. IG12.39.23; opp. “πάσῃ τέχνῃ καὶ μ.Lys. 19.53; “πάσῃ μ.Ar.Lys.300 (lyr.); τρόπῳ μ. ᾑτινιοῦν Lex ap.D.21.113.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (42):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1582
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 677
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 82
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 114
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    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 132
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 209
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 1132
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 149
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 365
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1454b.1
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 113
    • Demosthenes, Against Boeotus 2, 59
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 221
    • Euripides, Andromache, 66
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 112
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    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.160
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.152
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.51
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.83
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.51
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.57
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 146
    • Lysias, On the Property of Aristophanes, 53
    • Plato, Laws, 908d
    • Plato, Phaedo, 72d
    • Plato, Cratylus, 425d
    • Plato, Symposium, 191b
    • Plato, Cleitophon, 407a
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 349
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1228
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.76
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.13
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.18
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 5.1.12
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.18.11
    • Polybius, Histories, 29.25.1
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 391
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 300
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 11
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