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νειός , , also νεός X. (v. infr.), SIG963.8 (Amorgos, iv B.C.),
A.fallow-land,νειοῖο βαθείηςIl.10.353; ν. τρίπολος a thrice-ploughed fallow, 18.541, Od.5.127, Hes.Th.971, cf. Call.Dian.175, etc.; μὴ καρπίζεσθαι τὴν γῆν ἀλλὰ νειὸν ποιεῖν rejuvenate it, Thphr.CP4.8.1, cf. 4.8.3, HP8.7.2; “νειὸν ἄρουρανHes.Op.463; of a mare, “ἕνα ἐνιαυτὸν . . ἀνάγκη διαλείπειν καὶ ποιεῖν ὥσπερ νειόνArist.HA577a2.
2. ploughing and sowing of land to reinvigorate it, “νειὸς ἀμείνων χειμέριος τῆς ἐαρινῆςThphr.HP8.6.3; ἀρίστη νειὸς ἀπὸ τῶν κυάμων prob. cj. ib.8.7.2; “εἰς νειὸν ἀροῦνGp.3.6.7, 3.11.8; “τῷ σπόρῳ νεὸν δεῖ ὑπεργάζεσθαιX.Oec.16.10, cf. SIGl. c.:—also νέα , , Thphr.CP3.20.7, IG 22.334.17; also “παρασκάψει τὴν γῆν νειάνSIG963.46. (Cf. OSlav. njiva 'field'.)
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