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νίζω , Epich. [273]; imper.
A.νίζεIl.11.830; inf. “νίζεινOd.19.374; part. “νίζωνIl.7.425, E.IT1338: Ep. impf. “νίζονOd.1.112, Il.11.846:— the pres. νίπτω , analogically formed from νίψω ἔνιψα, first in Men. Mon.543, cf. Luc.Epigr.19, Arr.Epict.1.19.5, Ev.Jo.13.5, Plu.Thes. 10, though Hp. uses Med. “νίπτομαιMul.1.57 (but δια-νιζέσθω ib.84, περι-νιζέσθω ib.2.158): fut. “νίψωOd.19.376, E.IT255: aor. “ἔνιψαId.Sthen.Prol.25; Ep. “νίψαOd.19.505:—Med., “νίζομαιHp. (v. supr.): impf. “νίζετοOd.6.224: fut. νίψομαι (v. ἀπο-, ἐκ-νίζω), late “νιφήσομαιLXXLe.15.12: aor. ἐνιψάμην; Ep. 3sg. “νίψατοIl.16.230: pf. νένιμμαι (v. infr.): aor. Pass. ἐνίφθην κατ-) Hp.Prorrh.2.23:—wash the hands or feet (v. sub fin.), “νίζε δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἆσσον ἰοῦσα ἄναχθ᾽ ἑόνOd.19.392; αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ νίψεν ib.505, cf. 358; τῷ σε πόδας νίψω ib.376, cf. Orac. ap. Hdt.6.19; “ δὲ χεὶρ τὰν χεῖρα νίζειEpich. l.c.:—Med., “νίψατο δ᾽ αὐτὸς χεῖραςIl.16.230, cf. Hes.Op.739; νίψασθαι, abs., to wash one's hands, Od.1.138, etc.; χεῖρας νίψασθαι ἁλός [with water] from the sea, 2.261 (v. infr. 11); “νίψασθαι λίμνης πόδαHes.Fr.122; “οὔρῳ νιψάμενος τοὺς ὀφθαλμούςHdt.2.111.
2. generally, purge, cleanse,νίψαι καθαρμῷS.OT1228, cf. E.IT1191.
II. wash off,ἐπεί σφιν κῦμα θαλάσσης ἱδρῶ . . νίψεν ἀπὸ χρωτόςIl.10.575; “ἀπ᾽ αὐτοῦ δ᾽ αἷμα κελαινὸν νίζ᾽ ὕδατι λιαρῷ11.830, 846; “φόνον ἐμῆς ἔνιψε χειρόςE.Sthen.l.c.:—Pass., “αἷμα νένιπταιIl.24.419:—Med., ἐκ ποταμοῦ χρόα νίζετο ἅλμην he washed the brine off his skin [with water] from the river, Od.6.224.—Commonly used of washing part of the person, while λούομαι is used of bathing, πλύνω of washing clothes, etc.; but νίζω is sts. used of things, “σπόγγοισι . . τραπέζας νίζονOd.1.112; “[δέπας] ἔνιψ᾽ ὕδατος καλῇσι ῥοῇσιIl.16.229; “ὕδατι νίζειν . . πλίνθονTheoc.16.62.—Att. Prose writers use the word only in compds., v. ἀπο-, ἐναπο-, ἐκ-νίζω. (Cf. OIr. nigid, Skt. nénekti 'wash', niktá- 'washed', Gr. ἀ-νιπτό-ποδες, χέρνιβα, I.-E. nig[uglide]-.)
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hide References (26 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (26):
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 1191
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 255
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 1338
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.111
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.19
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 739
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.830
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.846
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.230
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.425
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.575
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.374
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.392
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.505
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.112
    • Homer, Odyssey, 2.261
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.224
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.376
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.138
    • New Testament, John, 13.5
    • Old Testament, Leviticus, 15.12
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1228
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.229
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.419
    • Plutarch, Theseus, 10
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