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ὁπλι?τ-ης , ου, , (ὅπλον)
A.heavy-armed, armed, . δρόμοι races of men in armour, opp. the naked race (v. “στάδιον11), Pi.I.1.23 ; called . or simply ὁπλίτης (Dor., Arc. -τας) in IG5(1).1120 (Geronthrae, v B. C.), 5(2).550.26 (Lycaeum, iv B. C.), etc. (= τοῦ ὅπλου δρόμος, Paus.6.13.1), cf. ὁπλιτοδρομέω; “ἀνὴρ .A.Th.717, E.Supp.585, etc.; . στρατός an armed host, Id.Heracl.800 ; . κόσμος warrior-dress, armour, ib.699.
II. mostly as Subst., ὁπλίτης, , heavy-armed foot-soldier, man-at-arms, who carried a pike (δόρυ) and a large shield (ὅπλον), “Ἀθηναίων οἱ στρατηγοὶ καὶ . . οἱ .IG12.116.25 ; ὁπλῖται, opp. ψιλοί, Hdt.9.30, Th. 1.106 ; opp. γυμνῆτες, Hdt.9.63 ; opp. ἱππεῖς, Pl.R.552a ; opp. τοξόται, Id.Criti.119b ; to be a ὁπλίτης implied the possession of full civic rights, hence οἱ ., opp. οἱ βάναυσοι, Arist.Pol.1326a23 ; and, in oligarchical states, opp. δῆμος, ib.1305b33.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (10):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 717
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 699
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 800
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 585
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.30
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.63
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6.13.1
    • Plato, Republic, 552a
    • Plato, Critias, 119b
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.106
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