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ὄρνυ_μι or ὀρνι_θ-ύω , poet. Verb: from the former come imper. ὄρνυ^θι, ὄρνυ^τε, Il.6.363, Od.10.457, al. ; inf.
A.ὀρνύμεναιIl.17.546, “ὀρνύμεν9.353, al.; and from the latter, pres. “ὀρνύειPi.O.13.12, cf. Orph.L.222 : 3sg. and pl. impf. ὤρνυε, -υον, Od.21.100, Il.12.142 : fut. “ὄρσω21.335, Pi.N.9.8, S.Ant.1060 : aor. “ὦρσαIl.5.629, al., Hes.Th.523, A. Pers.496; Ion. 3sg. “ὄρσασκεIl.17.423: redupl. aor. 2 “ὤρορε2.146, Od.4.712, etc. (but ὤρορε stands for ὄρωρε, Il.13.78, Od.8.539):— Med. ὄρνυ^μαι, used by Hom. in 3sg. “ὄρνυταιIl.5.532, al., imper. ὄρνυσθε ib.102, al., part. “ὀρνύμενος20.158, al.: impf. ὠρνύμην, used by Hom. in 3sg. and pl., “ὤρνυ^τοIl.3.267, al., “ὤρνυντοOd.2.397, al.: fut. 3sg. “ὀρεῖταιIl.20.140 : aor. 2 ὠρόμην, 3sg. “ὤρετο12.279,14.397, also very freq. ὦρτο, 5.590, al.; 3pl. without augm. “ὄροντοOd.3.471 (but v. ὄρομαι), “ὀρέοντοIl.2.398,23.212 (unless this is impf.); imper. ὄρσο or ὄρσεο, 5.109, al., 3.250, al.; Ion. contr. “ὄρσευ4.264, 19. 139; subj. “ὄρηταιOd.16.98,al. ; inf. “ὄρθαιIl.8.474; part. “ὀρόμενοςA. Th.87, 115 (both lyr.), “ὄρμενοςIl.11.326, al., and in lyr. passages of Trag., A.Ag.1408 (cf. 429), Supp.422, S.OT177: to the Med. also belongs the pf. ὄρωρα, used by Hom. only in 3sg. ὄρωρε (v. supr.), subj. “ὀρώρῃIl.9.610, al.; and plpf. “ὀρώρει2.810, al. (cf. ὄρομαι), also “ὠρώρει18.498, A.Ag.653, S.OC1622:—Pass., perf. ὀρώρεται, = ὄρωρε, Od. 19.377 ; subj. “ὀρώρηταιIl.13.271: 3pl. aor. “ὦρθενCorinn.Supp.1.21. (Cf. Skt. ṛṇóti 'rush', aor. 3sg. ārta = ὦρτο, Lat.orior; cf. also ἔρσεο, ἔρσῃ, and ἔρετο in Hsch.) :—stir, stir up; esp.
1. of bodily movement, urge on, incite,τινὰ ἐπί τινιIl.5.629, 12.293; οἱ ἐπ᾽ αἰετὸν ὦρσε let loose his eagle upon him, Hes.Th.523; “τινὰ ἀντία τινόςIl.20.79; rarely, “τινὰ εἰς ἀυάτανPi.P.2.29: c. inf., Ζεὺς ὦρσε μάχεσθαι urged them on to fight, Il.13.794, cf. 17.273; “τὴν . . ῥέξαι θεὸς ὤρορεν ἔργονOd.23.222 ; “τόλμα μοι γλῶσσαν ὀρνύει λέγεινPi.O.13.12, cf. P.4.170, S.Ant. 1060:—Med., with pf. ὄρωρα, move, stir oneself, εἰς κε . . μοι φίλα γούνατ᾽ ὀρώρῃ while my limbs have power to move, Il.9.610, cf. Od.18.133, etc.: used by Hom. in imper. ὄρσεο, up! arise! (like ἄγε and ἴθι) in exhorting, Il.3.250, al.; “ὄρσο5.109,24.88; “ἀλλ᾽ ὄρσευ πόλεμόνδε4.264, 19.139: in hostile sense, rush on, rush furiously,ὦρτο δ᾽ ἐπ᾽ αὐτοὺς [Ἕκτωρ]5.590, 11.343; “ὦρτο δ᾽ ἐπ᾽ αὐτῷ21.248; “ὤρνυτο χαλκῷ Τυδεΐδης5.17, etc.; “ὄρνυται λαόςA.Th.89(lyr.), cf. 419(lyr.), S.OC 1320.
2. make to arise, call forth,ἀπ᾽ Ὠκεανοῦ . . Ἠριγένειαν ὦρσενOd.23.348, cf. 7.169; awaken, arouse from sleep, “ὦρσεν . . ἹπποκόωνταIl.10.518 ; of animals, start, chase,ὦρσαν δὲ Νύμφαι . . αἶγας ὀρεσκῴουςOd.9.154 ; “ὡς δ᾽ ὅτε νεβρὸν ὄρεσφι κύων . . ὄρσας ἐξ εὐνῆςIl.22.190 :— Med., arise, start up, esp. from bed, “Ἠὼς ἐκ λεχέων . . ὤρνυθ᾽11.2 ; “ὤρνυτ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἐξ εὐνῆφινOd.2.2, etc.; “ἀπὸ θρόνου ὦρτο φαεινοῦIl.11.645; ἀπὸ χθονὸς ὤρνυτο attacked from . . , 5.13 : abs., “ὀρνυμένοιο ἄνακτοςHes.Th.843: c. inf., rise to do a thing, set about it, “οἱ δ᾽ εὕδειν ὤρνυντοOd.2.397 (so c. part., ὄρσο κέων get thee to bed, 7.342); “ὦρτο . . ἴμεν7.14, cf. Hes.Sc. 40; “ὦρτο πέτεσθαιIl.13.62, etc.; ὤρετο . . Ζεὺς νειφέμεν started or began to . . , 12.279 ; without inf., “ὤρορε θεῖος ἀοιδόςOd.8.539.
3. freq. used of things as well as persons, call forth, excite, of storms and the like , which the gods call forth, “ὄρσας . . ἀνέμων . . ἀϋτμήν11.407, cf. Il.14.254, 21.335 ; “νοῦσον ἀνὰ στρατὸν ὦρσε1.10, etc.; “θεὸς χειμῶν᾽ ἄωρον ὦρσεA.Pers.496 :—and in Med., arise,ὀρώρει δ᾽ οὐρανόθεν νύξOd.5.294, al. ; “φλὸξ ὦρτοIl.8.135 ; “ὅτε τις χειμὼν . . ὄροιτοOd.14.522 ; “ὦρτο δὲ κῦμα πνοιῇ ὕπο λιγυρῇIl.23.214 ; “πῦρ ὄρμενον ἐξαίφνης17.738, cf. S.OT177 (lyr.).
4. A.R. uses ὄρωρε nearly as = ἐστί, 1.713, al. ; ὀρώρει = ἦν, 2.473, 3.457.—The Verb is mainly used in Ep. and Lyr. poetry; seldom found in Trag. trim., “ὄρσωS.Ant.1060; “ὦρσαA.Pers.496 ; “ὄρνυμαιS.OC1320 ; ὠρώρει ib.1622, A.Ag.653 ; prob. never in Com. (Ar.Ra.1529 is mock-Epic) or correct Prose.
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