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ὀπτάω , pf.
A.ὤπτηκαEuphro 1.5 : irreg. part. Pass. “ὀπτεύμενοςTheoc.7.55: Dor. pres. part. “ὀπτᾶντεςEpich.164: fut. Med. ὀπτήσομαι (in pass. sense) Luc.Asin.31 : aor. Pass., “ὀπτηθῆναιOd.20.27 : pf. Pass. “ὤπτημαιAr.Fr.627: (ὀπτός (A), q. v.) :—roast, broil,κρέα ὤπτωνOd.3.33, etc. ; “σπλάγχνα δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ὀπτήσαντες ἐνώμων20.252 ; “ὤπτησάν τε περιφραδέωςIl.1.466,2.429 : also c. gen. partit., ὀπτῆσαί τε κρεῶν roast some meat, Od.15.98 ; then in Hdt.9.120, Ar.Av.1690, X.Cyr.8.2.6, etc. ; broil or fry fish, Ar.Fr.l.c., Crates Com.17, al.; fry an egg, PLit.Lond. 170 (i A. D.); toast cheese, Eub.150.2.—Hence it appears that ὀπτᾶν was used of all kinds of cooking by means of fire or dry heat, opp. ἕψω (boil in water), which never appears in Hom., whose heroes ate only roast meat, “κρέα δὲ μόνον ὤπτων, ἐπεὶ ἕψοντά γ᾽ οὐ πεποίηκεν αὐτῶν οὐδέναEub.120.
4. metaph. (as we say), 'roast' a man, “τοῦτον ὀπτᾶν καὶ στρέφεινAr.Lys. 839, cf. Sopat.6.9 (Pass.):—Pass., of the fire of love, “ὀπτεύμενον ἐξ ἈφροδίταςTheoc.7.55, cf. 23.34, AP12.92.7 (Mel.): so, prob., in Act., Sapph.115.
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hide References (18 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (18):
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1690
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 507
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.137
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.179
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.47
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.120
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.466
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.429
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.98
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.252
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.27
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.33
    • Plato, Greater Hippias, 288d
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.4.29
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.2.6
    • Xenophon, Economics, 16.14
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 839
    • Bion of Phlossa, Fragmenta, 15.12
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