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παίζω , Dor. παίσδω Theoc.15.42: Lacon. pres. part. gen. pl. fem. παιδδωἇν Ar. Lys.1313 (lyr.): fut. παιξοῦμαι Syrac. in X.Smp. 9.2,
A.παίξομαιLXX 2 Ki.6.21, AP12.46 (Asclep.), παίξω ib.211 (Strat.), Anacreont.41.8: aor. 1 “ἔπαισαHom. (v. infr.), Ar.Pl.1055, etc.: pf. “πέπαικαMen.923.3: pf. Pass. “πέπαισμαιHdt.4.77 (v.l. πέπλασται), Ar.Th.1227; imper. “πεπαίσθωPl.Euthd.278d: also aor. “ἔπαιξαCrates Com.23, Ctes.Fr.29.59, LXX Jd.16.25, Luc.DDeor.6.4, etc.: pf. “πέπαιχαPlu.Dem.9:—Pass., aor. “ἐπαίχθηνId.2.123f, Hld.8.6: pf. “πέπαιγμαιEpigr.Gr.979.3 (Philae); inf. πεπαῖχθαι Timarch. ap. Ath.11.501f; imper. “πεπαίχθωPhld.Mus.p.106 K., Fronto Epig.Gr.5.86: Hom. uses only pres. and impf., and (in Od.8.251) aor. imper. παίσατε; Trag. only pres.: (παῖς):—prop., play like a child, sport, “τῇ δέ θ᾽ ἅμα Νύμφαι . . ἀγρονόμοι παίζουσιOd.6.106, cf. 7.291 (never in Il.), Hdt.1.114, etc.: metaph., “αἰὼν παῖς ἐστὶ παίζωνHeraclit.52.
3. play [a game], “σφαίρῃ π.Od.6.100; “κλεψύδρῃEmp.100.9; κύβοις ἐπὶ συνθήκαις π. Ctes.l.c.; ἀντ᾽ ἀστραγάλων κονδύλοισι π. Pherecr.43, cf. Antiph.92; π. διὰ γραμμῆς (v. γραμμή III. 2); “π. πρὸς κότταβονPl.Com.46.1; μετά τινων with others, Hdt.1.114: c. acc. cogn., κότταβον <*>γκύλῃ π. Anacr.53 (dub.); “σφαῖρανPlu.Alex.73; “π. παιδιὰν πρός τιναAr.Pl.1055, cf. Pl.Alc.1.110b; κύνα καὶ πόλιν π., of a game similar to our draughts, Cratin. 56: with Advbs., φαινίνδα π. Antiph.283, cf. Crates Com. l.c., etc.
4. play on a musical instrument, h.Ap.206: c. acc., “Πὰν καλαμόφθογγα παίζωνAr.Ra.230; dance and sing, Pi. O.1.16.
5. play amorously, “πρὸς ἀλλήλουςX.Smp.9.2; “μετά τινοςLXX Ge.26.8; of mares, Arist.HA572a30.
6. hunt, pursue game, “π. κατ᾽ ἄλσοςS. El.567.
II. jest, sport, Hdt.2.28, 5.4, 9.11; opp. σπουδάζω, X. Mem.4.1.1; opp. σπουδῇ λέγω, Id.Cyr.8.3.47; παίζετε ταῦτα λέγοντες (opp. σπουδάζετε) Pl.Euthd.283b; “π. καὶ χλευάζεινAr.Ra.376; “π. καὶ γελᾶνAntiph.218.4; “πῖνε, παῖζεAmphis 8; π. πρός τινα make fun with a person, E.HF952, cf. Pl.Men.79a, Men.Pk.198; π. εἴς τι play with a thing, Pl.Phd.89b: c. Adj. neut., “τοιαῦτα ἔπαιζον σπουδῇ πρὸς ἀλλήλουςX.Cyr.6.1.6: part. παίζων is freq. abs., jestingly, Pl.Tht.145b, al.; opp. σπουδάζων, Id.Lg.636c, al.:—Pass., λόγος πέπαισται has been made up as a jest (v.l. for πέπλασται), Hdt.4.77; ταῦτα πεπαίσθω ὑμῖν enough of jest, Pl.Euthd.278d, cf. Phdr.278b, Phld. l.c.; πεπαῖχθαι τὴν λέξιν Timarch. l.c.; τοῦτο τὸ παιζόμενον 'as the joke is', Plu. 2.1090f; τὸ Μενεδήμῳ πεπαιγμένον ib.81e; but οἷα πέπαιγμαι, in act. sense, Epigr.Gr.979.3 (Philae).
2. c. acc., play with, make sport of, Luc.Nigr.20, AP10.64 (Agath.).
3. Gramm., of words played upon or coined for the joke's sake, οἱ κωμῳδοὶ παίζειν εἰώθασι τὰ τοιαῦτα Sch.Ar.Av.42, cf. 68, etc.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (39):
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