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παραβάλλω , fut. -βα^λῶ: aor. 2 παρέβα^λον: pf. -βέβληκα:—
2. hold out to one as a bait, X.Cyn.11.2.
3. cast in one's teeth, “τινί τιAeschin.3.189; object, offer in rejoinder, “τῷ πρώτῳ -βληθήσεται τοιοῦτος λόγοςPhld.Ir.p.95 W.
II. expose, παρέβαλέν τ᾽ ἐμὲ παρὰ γένος ἀνόσιον put me in their power, Ar.Av.333 (lyr.); “τῇ τύχῃ . . αὑτὸν π.Philippid.6 (v.l. for προ-; ἂν δ᾽ ἀληθινὸν σαυτὸν παραβάλλῃς if you present, show yourself . . , Posidipp.26:—freq. in Med., expose oneself or what is one's own to hazard or danger, αἰὲν ἐμὴν ψυχὴν παραβαλλόμενος πολεμίζειν risking it in war, Il.9.322; π. τὰ τέκνα risk the lives of one's children, Hdt.7.10.“θ́; παῖδαςTh.2.44; πλείω παραβαλλόμενοι having greater interests at stake, Id.3.65; “οὐκ ἴσα π.X.Cyr.2.3.11: pf. Pass. in med. sense, Λακεδαιμονίοις πλεῖστον δὴ παραβεβλημένοι having risked far the most upon them, Th.5.113; also “τὸν κίνδυνον τῶν σωμάτων παραβαλλομένουςId.3.14; venture, “πρὸς τὴν θάλατταν ὅταν -βάλωνταιPlb.1.37.9; “π. καὶ τολμᾶνId.18.53.2: c. dat., “π. τοῖς ὅλοιςId.2.26.6; “τῷ βίῳIG12(3).1286.22 (Astypalaea): c. inf., venture to do, Plu.Pel.8:—Pass., παραβεβλημένον τι εἰπεῖν make an unguarded statement, Philostr.VA4.42.
b. in wagering, deposit one's stake, Plu.Cat.Mi.44.
2. Pass., c. dat., to be given up to, “πόρναισι καὶ κύβοισι παραβεβλημένοςAr.Pl.243.
III. set beside or parallel with, Arist.PA668a17 (Pass.), cf. Rh.1419b35; Εὔβοια τῇ ἠπείρῳ παραβεβλημένη lying parallel with, Str.9.1.22: hence,
2. compare one with another, Isoc.9.34, etc.; “τι παρά τιPl.Grg.472c; π. [ἵππον] ἵππῳ match one against another, X.Eq.9.8:—in Med., παραβάλλομαί σοι (sc. ὄρνιθι θρήνους I set my songs against . . , E.IT1094 (lyr.): abs., παραβαλλόμεναι vying with one another, Id.Andr.289 (lyr.); [“ἀφορμὰς] αἷς οὔτε Ἁρμόδιος παραβεβλήσεταιPhilostr.VA5.34:—freq. in Pass., “π. τινίHdt.4.198; “πρός τιHp.Art.51, X.Mem.2.4.5; “παρά τιPl.Grg. 475e; ἀπάτα δ᾽ ἀπάταις παραβαλλομένα one piece of treachery set against another, S.OC231 (lyr.).
3. bring alongside, in Med., τὴν ἄκατον παραβάλλου bring your boat alongside, heave to, Ar.Eq.762; “ἐφόλκιονPlu.Pomp.73; also “π. τὼ κωπίωAr.Ra.269: abs., παραβαλοῦ ib.180: metaph., παραβάλλου λοιδορῶν avast with your abuse! Plu.2.711d.
IV. throw, turn, bend sideways, ὄμμα π. θύννου δίκην cast it askance, A.Fr.308; “τὸν ὀφθαλμὸν παράβαλλ᾽ ἐς ΚαρίανAr.Eq.173; “τὠφθαλμὼ παραβάλλειςId.Nu.362 (referred to by Pl.Smp.221b); “π. τὸ ἕτερον οὖς πλάγιονX.Cyn.5.32; π. τὰ ὦτα apply one's ears to listen, Pl.R.531a; “παραβαλὼν τὴν κεφαλήνId.Phd.103a; Ἡρακλεῖ στόμα π. lend one's mouth to Heracles, i.e. join in his praise, Pi.P.9.87 (v.l. περιβ-; π. τοὺς γομφίους lay to one's grinders, Ar.Pax34; π. τὸ θύριον τοῦ λόγου, metaph., put to the door . . , close it, Plu.2.94 of.
V. deposit with one, entrust to him, “τινί τιHdt.2.154.
VI. in Med., deceive, betray, Id.1.108, Th.1.133, Alc.Com.30 (Act. in the same sense, Hsch.; cf. παραβαλλέταιρος).
VII. Geom., π. παρά . . apply a figure to a finite line, “παραλληλόγραμμον π. παρὰ εὐθεῖανEuc.6.27, cf. Archim.Aequil.2.1.
2. since to apply an area xy to a line of length x is to divide xy by x, π. = divide, “τι παρά τιDioph.5.10, al.; cf. παρά C. 1.4c.
B. intr., come near, approach, Pl.Ly.203b, PPetr.3p.102 (iii B. C.), etc.; enter, Arist.Pol.1331a34; π. ἀλλήλοις meet one another, Pl.R.556c; f.l. for περιβάλῃ, ib.499b; “παρέβαλεν Ἀναξιμένει τῷ ῥήτοριwas a pupil of A., Plu.2.846f.
II. go by sea, cross over, “παρέβαλε νηυσὶ ἰθὺ ΣκιάθουHdt.7.179, cf. Philipp. ap. D.12.16, Arist.Mir.836a29; of ships, “ναῦς Πελοποννησίων ἐς Ἰωνίαν π.Th.3.32.
III. come alongside, bring to, “περὶ Ῥόδον παραβαλόντος ναυτικοῦ στόλουArist.GA763a31; παραβαλόντες τῇ πεντήρει having come alongside of her, in a sea-fight, Plb.15.2.12, cf. 1.22.9: generally, come to land, of quails, Arist.HA597b15:—in Med., put in, “πρός τιναςPhilostr. VA6.16.
IV. metaph., direct one's course towards, “εἰς ἡδονάςArist.EN1153b34.
V. Astrol., to be in the same right ascension as, c. dat., Cat.Cod.Astr.1.113, 5(1).188.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (61):
    • Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, 189
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 333
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 180
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    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 243
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    • Euripides, Andromache, 289
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    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.108
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.154
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.198
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.10
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.179
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.369
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    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.41
    • Isocrates, Evagoras, 34
    • Plato, Republic, 531a
    • Plato, Republic, 556c
    • Plato, Republic, 372b
    • Plato, Republic, 499b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 103a
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 247e
    • Plato, Symposium, 221b
    • Plato, Lysis, 203b
    • Plato, Gorgias, 472c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 475e
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 231
    • Strabo, Geography, 9.1.22
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.133
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.44
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.32
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.65
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.113
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.99
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    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 2.3.11
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 2.4.5
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 9.8
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    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 5.32
    • Polybius, Histories, 15.2.12
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.53.2
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    • Polybius, Histories, 1.37.9
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.26.6
    • Polybius, Histories, 38.17.2
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 362
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 51
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.14
    • Plutarch, Cato Minor, 44
    • Plutarch, Pelopidas, 8
    • Plutarch, Pompey, 73
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 59.10
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 4.42
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 5.34
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 6.16
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