previous next
πέπων , ον, gen. ονος : Comp. and Sup. πεπαίτερος, -τατος :—prop. of fruit,
A.cooked by the sun, ripe, B.Fr.34, Hdt.4.23, S.Fr.181 ; “ἄπιοςAlex.33.5 (Sup.); opp. ὠμός, Ar.Eq.260, X.Oec.19.19 ; of wine, mellow, Ar.Fr.579, etc.; πέπονα ποιεῖν τινα, by beating him, Com.Adesp.125.
b. of abscesses, ripe, ready to suppurate, Hermipp. 30.
2. σίκυος π. a kind of gourd or melon, not eaten till quite ripe (whereas the σίκυος was eaten unripe), Hp.Morb.3.17, Vict.2.55, Pl. Com.64.4, Anaxil.36, Arist.Pr.926b4, Diocl.Fr.120; πέπων alone distd. from “σίκυος, τοὺς σικύους καὶ τοὺς πέποναςLXXNu.11.5, cf. Speus. ap. Ath.2.68e, Phan.Hist.34, Dsc.2.135, etc.: prov., “μαλθακώτερος πέπονος σικύουTheopomp.Com.72 ; “ἀνὴρ ἐκεῖνος ἦν πεπαίτερος μόρωνA.Fr.264 ; “π. ἀπίοιοTheoc.7.120.
II. metaph., as always in Hom. (more freq. in Il. than in Od.), and in Hes., in addressing a person, mostly as a term of endearment or familiarity, kind, gentle, “πέπον ΚαπανηϊάδηIl.5.109 ; “Κύκνε πέπονHes.Sc.350 ; πέπον good brother!, gentle sir!, Il.6.55, 9.252, Hes.Th.544, 560, etc.; κριὲ πέπον my pet ram (says Polyphemus), Od.9.447 : Comp., of a ἑταίρα, Xenarch.4.9 : in bad sense, “ πέπονεςye weaklings! Il.2.235.
2. mild, less acrid, “ῥεύματαHp.VM19(Comp.) : hence metaph., mild, gentle, “πεπαιτέρα γὰρ μοῖρα τῆς τυραννίδοςA.Ag.1365 ; μόχθος πέπων softened pain, S.OC437, etc.: c. dat., ἐχθροῖσι π. gentle to thy foes, A.Eu.66. (Cf. πέπειρος, πέσσω.)
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (17 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (17):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 66
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 260
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.23
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 350
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 560
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 544
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.109
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.252
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.235
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.447
    • Old Testament, Numbers, 11.5
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 437
    • Xenophon, Economics, 19.19
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.55
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 181
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1365
    • Hippocrates, De prisca medicina, 19
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: