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πέτρα , Ion. and Ep. πέτρη , ,
A.rock; freq. of cliffs, ledges, etc. by the sea, “λισσὴ αἰπεῖά τε εἰς ἅλα πέτρηOd.3.293, cf. 4.501, etc.; χῶρος λεῖος πετράων free from rocks, of a beach, 5.443 ; “π. ἠλίβατος . . ἁλὸς ἐγγὺς ἐοῦσαIl.15.618, etc.; χοιρὰς π. Pi.P.10.52; also, rocky peak or ridge, αἰγίλιψ π. Il.9.15, etc.; “ἠλίβατος16.35, etc.; λιττὰς π. Corinn.Supp.1.30, cf.A.Supp.796 (lyr.); π. Λενκάς, ?ωλενίη, etc., Od.24.11, Il.11.757, etc.; π. σύνδρομοι, Συμπληγάδες, Pi.P.4.209, E.Med.1264(lyr.); πρὸς πέτραις ὑψηλοκρήμνοις, of Caucasus, A.Pr.4, cf. 31, 56, al.; π. Δελφίς, π. δίλοφος, of Parnassus, S.OT464(lyr.), Ant.1126(lyr.); “π. ΚωρυκίςA.Eu.22; π. Κεκροπία, of the Acropolis, E.Ion936.
2. π. γλαφυρή a hollow rock, i.e. a cave, Il.2.88, cf. 4.107; σπέος κοιλῇ ὑπὸ π. Hes. Th.301; δίστομος π. cave in the rock with a double entrance, S.Ph.16, cf. 937; κατηρεφεῖς αὐτῇ τῇ π. Pl.Criti.116b; “π. ἀντρώδηςX.An.4.3.11; “τόπος κύκλῳ πέτραις περιεχόμενοςIG42(1).122.21 (Epid.); ἕως τῆς π. down to virgin rock, PCair.Zen.172.14 (iii B.C.), OGI672 (Egypt, i A. D.), cf. Ev.Matt.16.18.
4. stone as material, π. λαρτία, Τηΐα, SIG581.97 (Crete, iii/ii B. C.), 996.13 (Smyrna, i A. D.): distd. from πέτρος (q. v.), which is v.l. in X.l.c.; πέτρᾳ shd. be read in S.Ph.272 ; the distn. is minimized by Gal.12.194.
II. prov., οὐκ ἀπὸ δρυὸς οὐδ᾽ ἀπὸ πέτρης, etc. (v. δρῦς); as a symbol of firmness, “ δ᾽ ἐστάθη ἠΰτε π. ἔμπεδονOd.17.463; of hard-heartedness, “ἐκ πέτρας εἰργασμένοςA.Pr.244; “ἁλίαν π. κῦμα λιταῖς ὢς ἱκετεύωνE.Andr. 537 (anap.); cf. “πέτρος” 1.2 . (Written πε-τε-ρα in a text with musical accompaniment, Pae.Delph.5.)
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hide References (33 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (33):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 22
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 4
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 56
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 244
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 31
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 796
    • Euripides, Andromache, 537
    • Euripides, Ion, 936
    • Euripides, Medea, 1264
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 301
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 675
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.88
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.15
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.757
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.107
    • Homer, Odyssey, 17.463
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.501
    • New Testament, Matthew, 16.18
    • Plato, Critias, 116b
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1126
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 464
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 16
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 272
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 937
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 4.3.11
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 4.2.20
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.618
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.35
    • Homer, Odyssey, 24.11
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.293
    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.443
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.243
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.53.4
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