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περί-στα^σις , εως, ,
A.standing round, τίς ἥδε κραυγὴ καὶ δόμων π.; crowds standing round the house, Telecl.35 ; π. ποιεῖσθαι, of crowds, Thphr.Char.8.12(pl.); ὄχλοιο π. Timo 34.1 : hence, in concretesense, crowd standing round, Plb.1.32.3, 18.53.11.
2. surrounding, τοῦ ψυχροῦ π. Arist.Pr.869a21 : in concrete sense, environment, “π. ἀέρος ψυχροῦEpicur.Ep.2p.50U., cf. p.48 U.; surrounding space, Plb.6.31.1, 6.41.2 ; esp. free space round a building, OGI483.123, al. (Pergam., ii A. D.), IG14.352i8, 70 (Halaesa).
b. portico surrounding a hall or temple, ib.42(1).102.6 (Epid., iv B. C.), Callix.1 ; “ ἔξω π. τοῦ σηκοῦIG7.3073.90(Lebad.).
c. district surrounding a village, neighbourhood, PTeb.14.19 (ii B. C.), al.
II. circumstances, situation, state of affairs, Plb.1.35.10, 4.67.4, etc.; “αἱ π. [τῶν πόλεων]Id.10.21.3 ; τὸ παράδοξον τῆς π. Posidon.36 J.; π. nostra, the position of my affairs, Cic.Att.4.8b.2 ; the actuality, “μέζων τῆς π. φαντασίηAret.SD2.9 ; τὰ κατὰ περίστασιν καθήκοντα duties dependent on circumstances, Stoic.3.135, al., cf. Cic.Att.16.11.4, Phld.Rh.1.219 S. (pl.) : sg. of a particular circumstance, Ael.Tact.35.1, A.D.Synt.145.4, etc.; “κατά τινα π. γραμμάτωνGal.11.242.
b. esp. difficult position, crisis (both senses distd. in Arr.Epict.2.6.17, M.Ant.9.13); “δὸς π. καὶ λάβε τὸν ἄνδραStoic.3.49 ; κατὰ τὰς π. in critical times, Plb.1.82.7, cf. 4.33.12, etc.; διὰ τὰς τῶν καιρῶν π. SIG731.2 (Tomi, i B. C.); “εἰς πᾶν ἐλθεῖν περιστάσεωςPlb.4.45.10, cf. 1.84.9, etc.; χαλεπὴ π. LXX 2 Ma.4.16, cf. Dsc.Alex.Praef.; μετὰ τὴν κατασχοῦσαν τὴν πόλιν π. SIG708.7 (Istropolis, ii B. C.), cf. IG22.1338.27, Orph.Fr.285.63 ; “ἐν π. ἰσχυρᾷ τῶν ἔξωθενPorph.Abst.1.55.
2. Rhet., circumstances of the case treated by a speaker, Quint. Inst.3.5.18, 5.10.104, Corn.Rh.p.362 H.; classified by Hermog.Inv. 3.5.
3. outward pomp and circumstance, τοῦ βίου π. Plb.3.98.2, cf. 31.26.3 ; τρυφὴ καὶ π. Antig.Car. ap. Ath.12.547f; ὑπάρχων ἐν μεγάλῃ π. Phld.Acad.Ind.p.101 M.
4. in Meteorology, of climatic conditions, κατὰ τὸν ἀέρα π. Plb.3.84.2 ; λοιμικαὶ π. pestilential conditions, Id.6.5.5, cf. SIG731.7 (Tomi, i B. C.); καυματώδης π. D.S.4.22.
b. Astron., position of the heavenly bodies, ἐκλειπτικὴ π. Sch.Arat. 862.
III. veering round, of winds, Arist.Mete.364b14, Pr.942b27.
2. cycle, τοῦ μεγάλου ἐνιαυτοῦ π. Eudem. ap. Theon.Sm. p.198 H.
3. direction of motion, αἱ ἓξ π., i. e. up, down, forwards, backwards, right, left, Nicom.Ar.2.6, 16.
4. materials for use, PFlor.369.2 (ii A. D.).
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hide References (21 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 16.11.4
    • Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 2
    • Theophrastus, Characters, 8.12
    • Polybius, Histories, 10.21.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.53.11
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.32.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.35.10
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.82.7
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.84.9
    • Polybius, Histories, 31.26.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.84.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.98.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.33.12
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.45.10
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.67.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.31.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.41.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.5.5
    • Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 2), 2.9
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 4.22
    • Marcus Aurelius, M. Antonius Imperator Ad Se Ipsum, 9.13
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