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πλέω , Ep. πλείω Od.15.34, 16.368: Ep. impf.
A.ἀπ-έπλειον8.501: also Ep.and Ion. πλώω (v. infr.): Att. contr. imper. “πλεῖE.Tr.102(anap.): fut. “πλεύσομαιOd.12.25, Il.11.22 (ἀνα-), Hdt.2.29, Th.6.104, etc.; later “πλευσοῦμαιSIG402.27 (Chios, iii B. C.), found in codd. of Th.1.143, 8.1, (ἐπεσ-) Id.4.13, (συνεκ-) Lys.13.25, (ἀπο-) Pl.Hp.Ma.370d, 371b, (συμ-) Isoc.17.19, etc.; Dor. “πλευσοῦμαιTheoc.14.55; but 3pl. “πλεύσονταιGDI5120B11,13 (Crete, iii B. C.); “πλεύσωPhilem. 116 (S.V.l.), Plb.2.12.3, AP11.162 (Nicarch.), 245 (Lucill.), OGI572.30 (Lycia, ii/iii A.D.), etc.: aor. 1 “ἔπλευσαA.Ag.691 (lyr.), etc.: pf. “πέπλευκαS.Ph.404, etc.:—Pass., fut. πλευσθήσομαι περι-) Arr.An.5.26.2: aor. ἐπλεύσθην ib.6.28.6, Babr.71.3: pf. “πέπλευσμαιX.Cyr.6.1.16, D.56.12: Hom. uses only pres., impf., and fut. πλεύσομαι (v. supr.).—Of the Ion. πλώω , Hom. uses opt. “πλώοιενOd.5.240, part. ἐπι-πλώων ib.284, “πλώωνh.Hom.22.7: impf. “πλῶονIl.21.302; also shortd. aor. ἔπλων, ως, ω, part. πλώς, in the compds. ἀπ-έπλω, ἐπ-έπλως, part. ἐπιπλώς, παρέπλω; and Hes. has ἐπ-έπλων; the pres., impf., and fut. forms occur as vv.ll. in Hdt., inf. “πλώειν4.156, part. “πλωούσας8.10,22,42: impf. ἔπλωον ib.41; Iterat. “πλώεσκονQ.S.14.656: fut. πλώσομαι ἀπο-) Hdt.8.5 (“πλώσωLyc.1044); but the aor. 1 forms are read in Hdt., “ἔπλωσα4.148; inf. “πλῶσαι1.24; part. “πλώσας4.156, 8.49 (also once in Hom. in compd. “ἐπι-πλώσαςIl. 3.47): pf. “παρα-πέπλωκαHdt.4.99; πέπλωκα occurs E.Hel.532, Ar. Th.878 (paratrag.).—Only εε and εει are contracted in Att. (πλέει is f.l. in Th.4.28, and πλέετε v.l. in X.An.7.6.37). [Hom. uses πλέων as monosyll., “πλέων ἐπὶ οἴνοπα πόντονOd.1.183]:—sail, go by sea,Λακεδαίμονος ἐξ ἐρατεινῆςIl.3.444; “Ἰλιόθεν14.251; “ἐπὶ ΚέρκυρανTh. 1.53; “εὐθὺ ΛέσβουX.HG1.2.11; π. ἐπὶ [σῖτον] to fetch it, Id.Oec.20.27; “ἐπί τιIG12.105.9; μετὰ [νάκος] Pi.P.4.69; “εἰς Ἐρέτριαν ἐπ᾽ ἄνδραςPl. Mx.240b; more fully, “ἐνὶ πόντῳ νηῒ θοῇ πλείοντεςOd.16.368; “νηῒ . . πλέων ἐπὶ οἴνοπα πόντονIl.7.88; “πλέεν . . ποντοπορεύωνOd.5.278; “ἐν τῇ νηΐPl.R.341d; ἐν τῇ θαλάττῃ ib.346b; “ἐπλέομεν βορέῃ ἀνέμῳOd.14.253; “αὔρᾳA.Ag.691 (lyr.): c. acc. cogn., πλεῖθ᾽ ὑγρὰ κέλευθα sail the watery ways, Od.3.71; “πλεῖν τὴν θάλαττανAnd.1.137, Lys.6.19, Isoc.8.20, Antiph.100:—Pass., τὸ πεπλευσμένον [πέλαγος] X.Cyr.6.1.16, cf. Babr.71.3; “πλεῖται θάλασσαMuson.Fr.18 B p.104 H.; also “π. στόλον τόνδεS.Ph.1038; “τοῦ πλοῦ τοῦ πεπλευσμένουD. 56.12: metaph., πλεῖν ὑφειμένῃ δοκεῖ, cf. “ὑφίημι111: prov., “ μὴ πεπλευκὼς οὐδὲν ἑόρακεν κακόνPosidipp.22; ἐπὶ γῆς μὴ πλεῖν when on land do not be at sea, i.e. avoid the hazards of tax-farming, etc., Pythag. ap. Clem.Al.Strom.5.5.28.
3. to be conveyed by sea, [“σκῦλα] πλέονταTh.3.114.
4. metaph., ταύτης ἔπι πλέοντες ὀρθῆς while [the ship of] our country bearing us is on an even keel, S.Ant.190; οὐδ᾽ ὅπως ὀρθὴ πλεύσεται (sc. πόλις)“ προείδετοD.19.250; “πάντα ἡμῖν κατ᾽ ὀρθὸν πλεῖPl.Lg.813d; “θεοῦ θέλοντος κἂν ἐπὶ ῥιπὸς πλέοιςE.Fr.397; also “κέρδους ἕκατι κἂν ἐπὶ ῥιπὸς πλέοιAr.Pax699. (With πλεϝ)-, πλευ- cf. Skt. plávate 'float', 'swim', Lat. pluit; with πλω- cf. Goth. flōdus 'river', 'flood', OE. flćwan 'flow'.)
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (63):
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