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πλεονεκτ-έω , fut.
A.-ήσωTh.4.62, etc. (πλέον ἐκτήσεται shd. be read in Pl.La.192e):—Prose Verb, have or claim more than one's due, mostly in bad sense, to be greedy, grasping, Hdt.8.112, X.Mem.2.6.21, Pl.Grg.483c, etc.
II. c. gen. pers., have or gain the advantage over,τῶν ἐχθρῶνPl.R.362b, cf. Hyp.Lyc.8, etc.; “παρά τινοςX.Cyr.1.6.32 (v.l.); “παρ᾽ ἀλλήλωνArist.Pol.1292b19; τινι in a thing, X.Cyr.4.3.21, etc.; “κατά τιPl. Euthphr.15a; “περί τιId.La.183a; also π. τῶν νόμων gain at the expense of the laws, Id.Lg.691a; τῆς ὑμετέρας π. εὐηθείας take advantage of your simpleness, D.Prooem.24.
2. later c. acc. pers., get or have the advantage over, D.H.9.7, Plu.Marc.29, Luc.Am.27: usu. in bad sense, overreach, defraud,πλεονεκτεῖν μηδέναMen.Mon.259, cf. 1 Ep.Thess.4.6, 2 Ep.Cor.7.2, D.Chr.17.8, D.C.52.37: in early writers only Pass. in this sense, “ὑπό τινωνX.Mem.3.5.2; πλεονεκτεῖσθαι χιλίαις δραχμαῖς to be defrauded in or of 1,000 drachmae, D.41.25. In Th.1.77 πλεονεκτεῖσθαι is impers., to be an act of πλεονεξία.
3. Pass., to be surpassed, excelled, τινι Apollod.Poliorc.173.5.
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hide References (30 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (30):
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1137a.1
    • Demosthenes, Exordia, 24
    • Demosthenes, Against Spudias, 25
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 12.46
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.112
    • Hyperides, Against Philippides, 8
    • New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 4.6
    • New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 7.2
    • Plato, Laws, 691a
    • Plato, Republic, 362b
    • Plato, Euthyphro, 15a
    • Plato, Laches, 183a
    • Plato, Laches, 192e
    • Plato, Gorgias, 483c
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.61
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.77
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.39
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 1.6.32
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 1.6.25
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 4.3.21
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 7.1.34
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 2.6.21
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 3.5.2
    • Xenophon, Economics, 7.26
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.56.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.62
    • Plutarch, Marcellus, 29
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 9.7
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 52.37
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