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πλεύμων or πνεύμων , ονος, (on the form and deriv., v. sub fin.),
II. sea-lungs, jelly-fish, Pl.Phlb.21c, Arist. PA681a18, Thphr.Sign.40, Pytheas ap. Plb.34.3.4; term of abuse applied by Epicurus to Nausiphanes, Epicur.Frr.114, 236. (Gramm. differ as to the forms. Eust.483.10, 1436.62) and Phot. both recognize πλεύμων as the Homeric and ancient form; this was also the true Att. form, Moer. p.309 P., Sch.Ar.Pax1069, Eust.483.10; it is found in the best codd. of A.Th.61, S.Tr.567, as well as in codd. of Alc. (l.c. ap.Ath.10.430b), Hp.Art.41, Prog.23, al., cf. i p.cxx K.), Ar., Pl., and Arist., also in Pap., Phld.Ir.pp.27,28 W., and Inscr., IG42(1).122.56 (Epid., iv B. C.), and is doubtless the original form, which was altered in accordance with a supposed deriv. from πνεῦμα suggested by Arist.Resp.476a9, cf. EM677.31. Cf. Lith. plaũčiai 'lungs', cogn. with πλέω, as 'that which floats', cf. Engl. lights, also lungs, cogn. with ἐλαφρός.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (18):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 61
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 474
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 829
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 367
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 1069
    • Euripides, Orestes, 277
    • Homer, Iliad, 20.486
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.528
    • Plato, Philebus, 21c
    • Plato, Timaeus, 70c
    • Plato, Timaeus, 84d
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 778
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 567
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 941.15
    • Polybius, Histories, 34.3.4
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 41
    • Hippocrates, Prognosticon, 23
    • Old Testament, 1 Kings, 22.34
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