A.the lungs, “πάγη δ᾽ ἐν πλεύμονι χαλκός” Il.4.528, 20.486 (v.l.); “ὁ τῶν πνευμάτων τῷ σώματι ταμίας ὁ π.” Pl.Ti.84d, cf. 70c, Arist.Resp.476a9, LXX 3 Ki.22.34: mostly in pl., Archil.9.5, Alc.39.1, A.Th.61, S.Tr.567, etc.; “διὰ πνευμόνων θερμὸν ἄησιν ὕπνον” A.Fr.178A; “πνεῦμ᾽ ἀνεὶς ἐκ πλευμόνων” E.Or.277; regarded as the most vital part, “σπαραγμὸς . . πλευμόνων ἀνθήψατο” S.Tr.778, cf. Ar.Lys.367, Ra.474; πλευμόνων πολὺς πόνος ib.829; as the seat of love, [“Κύπρις] Διὸς τυραννεῖ πλευμόνων” S.Fr.941.15.
II. sea-lungs, jelly-fish, Pl.Phlb.21c, Arist. PA681a18, Thphr.Sign.40, Pytheas ap. Plb.34.3.4; term of abuse applied by Epicurus to Nausiphanes, Epicur.Frr.114, 236. (Gramm. differ as to the forms. Eust.（483.10, 1436.62) and Phot. both recognize πλεύμων as the Homeric and ancient form; this was also the true Att. form, Moer. p.309 P., Sch.Ar.Pax1069, Eust.483.10; it is found in the best codd. of A.Th.61, S.Tr.567, as well as in codd. of Alc. (l.c. ap.Ath.10.430b), Hp.（Art.41, Prog.23, al., cf. i p.cxx K.), Ar., Pl., and Arist., also in Pap., Phld.Ir.pp.27,28 W., and Inscr., IG42(1).122.56 (Epid., iv B. C.), and is doubtless the original form, which was altered in accordance with a supposed deriv. from πνεῦμα suggested by Arist.Resp.476a9, cf. EM677.31. Cf. Lith. plaũčiai 'lungs', cogn. with πλέω, as 'that which floats', cf. Engl. lights, also lungs, cogn. with ἐλαφρός.）