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πλήρ-ωμα , ατος, τό,
A.that which fills, complement, κρατήρων πληρώματα, i.e. wine, E.Ion1051 (lyr.); so κενὸν τόδ᾽ ἄγγος, στέγει π. τι; ib.1412; χθονὸς π., i.e. men, Id.Or.1642; “λίθους τοὺς εἰς τὰ π. τῷ πύργῳ προσάξεταιIG22.244.109, cf. 90, al. (iv B. C.); “τὸ π. τῆς γαστρόςHp.Aër.7, Mul.2.169, cf. Epicur.Sent.Vat. 59; of excrement, Orib.8.35.7.
2. δαιτὸς π. satiety of the feast, E.Med.203 (anap.); π. τυρῶν their fill of cheese, Id.Cyc.209.
3. of ships, full number, Hdt.8.43,45; but, of single ships, complement, crew, in pl., Th.7.4,12, X.HG5.1.11, D.21.155, etc.: in sg., Th.7.14; opp. ὑπηρεσία (q.v.), Lys.21.10; “παραλαβὼν τῶν πολιτᾶν ἐπιλέκτους ἐμ π. τρισίIPE12.352.40 (Cherson., ii B. C.); “π. ἐπίλεκτονPlb. 1.47.6: generally, π. παρέχεσθαι πόλεως make up the full number of citizens, Arist.Pol.1267b16, 1284a5, cf. 1291a17, Pl.R.371e; “τῶν φίλων π. ἀθροίσαςE.Ion664; gang of workmen, PPetr.3p.130 (iii B. C.).
4. of number, sum,ὀγδώκοντα ἔτεα ζόης π. μακρότατον προκεῖσθαι80 years are fixed as life's longest sum, Hdt.3.22; “τούτων π. τάλαντ᾽ ἐγγὺς δισχίλια γίγνεταιAr.V.660; sum, total,τὸ π. τῶν ἀγαθῶνMetrod.Herc.831.14, cf. Polystr.Herc.346p.81V., Diog.Oen. 2.
5. piece inserted to fill up, Ev. Matt.9.16, Ruf.Onom.216.
6. fullness, full and perfect nature, Ep.Rom.11.12; τὸ π. τοῦ θεοῦ, τοῦ Χριστοῦ, Ep.Eph.3.19, 4.13, cf. Ep.Col.1.19; τῆς θεότητος ib. 2.9; later “τὰ π. τῶν θεῶνIamb.Myst.1.8; the aggregate of properties which constitute the complete nature of a thing, full specification, substance, Dam.Pr.28 bis; φθαρτὰ π. ib.34; τὰ μέσα π. ib.35 bis; τὰ ἑκάστου πληρώματα τῆς οὐσίας ib.14, cf. 56,58; “πᾶς νοῦς, π. ὢν εἰδῶνProcl.Inst.177.
7. reserves of troops, “στρατιῶνLyd.Mag.3.44 (pl.).
8. mass, complex, κόσμος π. ἐστι κακίας, ζωῆς, Corp.Herm. 6.4, 12.15; “γενομένη π. ἀρετῶν ἥδε ψυχήPh.2.418.
9. duties of an office, Lyd.Mag.3.6, al.; completion of a term of office (cf. 11), ib. 47.
10. freight, cargo,νεώςPh.2.18, cf. 465: metaph., π. εὐτυχίας ib.547.
II. filling up, completing, S.Tr.1213; Ζηνὸς ἔχεις κυλίκων π. hast the task of filling . . , E.Tr.824 (lyr.).
2. fulfilment,νόμουEp.Rom.13.10.
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hide References (23 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (23):
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 660
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 155
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 209
    • Euripides, Ion, 1051
    • Euripides, Ion, 664
    • Euripides, Ion, 1412
    • Euripides, Medea, 203
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1642
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 824
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.22
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.43
    • Lysias, Defence against a Charge of Taking Bribes, 10
    • New Testament, Ephesians, 3.19
    • New Testament, Romans, 13.10
    • New Testament, Colossians, 1.19
    • Plato, Republic, 371e
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 1213
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.14
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.1.11
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.47.6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.4
    • New Testament, Colossians, 2.9
    • New Testament, Ephesians, 4.13
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