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ποιν-ή , ,
2. generally, price paid, satisfaction, requital, penalty,Κύκλωψ ἀπετείσατο π. ἰφθίμων ἑτάρωνOd.23.312; “δυώδεκα λέξατο κούρους, π. ΠατρόκλοιοIl.21.28; “πολέων δ᾽ ἀπετίνυτο ποινήν16.398; “υἷος π. Γανυμήδεος5.266; τοῖς ἔνι π., ἔστ᾽ ἐπὶ καὶ τῷ π., Hes.Op.749,755; τῶν ποινήν in return for these things, Il. 17.207; so also ποινὴν τῆς Αἰσώπου ψυχῆς ἀνελέσθαι accept satisfaction for A.'s life, Hdt.2.134; ποινὴν τείσειν Ξέρξῃ τῶν κηρύκων τῶν ἀπολομένων give Xerxes satisfaction for the death of the heralds, Id.7.134, cf. A.Eu.543 (lyr.), S.El.564 (pl.), Antipho 2.4.11; ποινῆς εἵνεκα by way of penalty, Epigr.Gr.356.3 (Hadriani): freq. in pl., A.Pr.270, Eu. 464, etc.; ποινὰς τεῖσαι to pay penalties, Pi.O.2.58; “τίνεινA.Pr.112, X. Cyr.6.1.11; “δοῦναιE.IT446 (lyr.); π. λαμβάνειν exact them, Id.Tr. 360; “τᾶς ὕβριοςIG42(1).122.98 (Epid.).—Rare in Prose, δίκη being the usual word.
3. in good sense, recompense, reward for a thing, τεθρίππων, καμάτων, Pi.P.1.59, N.1.70; “εὐχὰς ἀγαθὰς ἀγαθῶν ποινάςA. Supp.626 (anap.); “ποινὴν εὐσεβίηςIG14.1437.
4. redemption, release,π. τίς ἔσται πρὸς θεῶν;Pi.P.4.63.
II. personified, the goddess of vengeance,μᾶτερ, μ᾽ ἔτικτες . . ἀλαοῖσι καὶ δεδορκόσι ποινάνA. Eu.323 (lyr.), cf. E.IT200 (lyr.): pl., Aeschin.1.190, Plb.23.10.2, etc.
III. Astrol., name of a κλῆρος, S.E.M.5.15; also of the sixth τόπος, Paul.Al.M.1. (I.-E. q[uglide]oi-nā, cf. Avest. kaēnā- 'punishment', 'vengeance', Lith. kaina, Slav. cěna 'price', cogn. with τίνω, τεῖ-σαι.
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hide References (27 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (27):
    • Aeschines, Against Timarchus, 190
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 323
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 464
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 543
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 112
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 270
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 626
    • Antiphon, First Tetralogy, 4.11
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 200
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 446
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 360
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.134
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.134
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 749
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 755
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.659
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.398
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.498
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.483
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.266
    • Sophocles, Electra, 564
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.1.11
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.207
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.28
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.633
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.312
    • Polybius, Histories, 23.10.2
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