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προσβολή , , (προσβάλλω)
A.application, e.g. of the touchstone, A. Ag.391 (lyr., pl.); τῆς σικύας π. Arist.Rh.1405b3; “ π. τῶν ὀμμάτων πρός τιPl.Tht.153e; φίλιαι π. προσώπων, of kisses, E.Supp.1138 (lyr.): abs., kiss, embrace, Id.Med.1074; τῆς γλώττης προσβολαί, opp. συμβολαὶ τῶν χειλῶν, Arist.PA660a6; ἄνευ προσβολῆς (sc. τῆς γλώττης) pronounced without applying the tongue to the teeth, etc., Id.Po.1456b26: metaph., “π. τῆς φαντασίαςStoic.2.33: abs., of an act of intuition, Porph.Sent.43, Plot.2.9.1, 3.8.10, al.
2. in an auction, document recording the knocking down of a lot to a purchaser, PEleph.23.17 (iii B.C.), PTeb.814.28 (iii B.C.).
2. generally, attack, visitation, “προσβολαὶ ἘρινύωνA.Ch. 283; “μιασμάτοινId.Eu.600; “δαιμόνωνAr.Pax39 (with allusion to the stench striking one's nose, cf. “προσβάλλω1.3); “προσβολαὶ κακαίE.El.829; “ἐκ θεοῦ προσβολῆς ἐμηνάμηνId.Cret.9; “π. θεῖαιAntipho 3.3.8; “πυρὸς χειμῶνος προσβολῇPl.Lg.865b; attack, fit of disease, Dsc. 5.113; “π. δεισιδαιμονίαςPlu.2.43d: but, beat of pulse, Ruf.Syn.Puls. 7.5.
3. without hostile sense, impact of sound, βραδεῖα μὲν γὰρ ἐν λόγοισι π. μόλις δι᾽ ὠτὸς ἔρχεται ῥυπωμένου, i.e. impressions through an old man's ears are slow, S.Fr.858; contact, “π. καὶ ἐπαφήStoic.2.123; “τοῦ ἡλίου αἱ π. αἱ πρῶταιAel.NA14.23.
4. means of approaching, approach, “παρέχειν π. καὶ ἐπαφήνPl.Sph.246a; προσβολὰς ἀφράστους ἔχειν, of a place, Plu.Caes.53; π. ἔχειν τῆς Σικελίας to afford a means of entering Sicily, Th.4.1; τοῦ στομάχου π. Arist.HA507b3; οὔσης . . τραχείας τῆς π. Plb.3.51.4; of ships, landing-place, harbour, place to touch at, ὁλκάδων π. Th.4.53; of a place, ἐν προσβολῇ εἶναι τῆς Σικελίας to be a port of call on the voyage to Sicily, Id.6.48; meeting-point, Pl.Ti.36c.
5. Rhet., in pl., approaches to a subject, ject, Philostr.VS1.9.1.
III. (from Pass.) that which is put upon a weapon or tool, iron point, D.C.38.49 (pl.), Phryn.PSp.100 B. (nisi leg. προβολή).
2. point of attachment of a stake fixed in the ground, Plb.18.18.14 (pl.).
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hide References (36 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (36):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 600
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 283
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 28
    • Antiphon, Second Tetralogy, 3.8
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 1.3
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 39
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1456b.26
    • Euripides, Electra, 829
    • Euripides, Medea, 1074
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 1138
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.101
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.158
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.128
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.200
    • Plato, Laws, 865b
    • Plato, Sophist, 246a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 153e
    • Plato, Timaeus, 36c
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.1
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.61
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.48
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.4
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.1
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.4.2
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.3.14
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 858
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 391
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.18.14
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.51.4
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.53
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.81
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.18
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 53
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 14.23
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 38.49
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Lives of the Sophists, 1.9.1
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