previous next
προστα?́τ-ης , ου, , (προΐστημι) who stands before, front-rank man, f.l. for πρωτοστάτης in X.Cyr. 3.3.41, Eq.Mag.2.2,6:—but elsewh.,
2. generally, ruler, opp. ἀστοί, A.Supp.963; “ΚαδμείωνId.Th.1031; “ΚνωσίωνArr.Epict.3.9.3; “ΜολοσσῶνGDI1334 (Epirus, iii B.C.); χώρας, χθονός, E.Heracl. 964, IA373 (troch.); τῆς Ἑλλάδος προστάται, of the Spartans, X.HG 3.1.3, cf. Isoc.4.103, D.9.23; π. τοῦ ἐμπορίου, of Greeks in Egypt, Hdt. 2.178; “τοῦ πολέμουX.Cyr.7.2.23; προστάται τῆς εἰρήνης its chief authors, Id.HG5.1.36; τῆς πρὸς τοὺς θεοὺς ἐπιμελείας π. D.22.78; administrator, “τῆς κεχωρισμένης προσόδουPTeb.81.19 (ii B.C.); [τοῦ ἱεροῦ] OGI531.3 (Bithynia, iii A.D.); θεᾶς ib.209.4 (Philae, iii A.D.), cf. Ostr.412, al. (i A.D.): metaph., “ἔρως π. τῶν ἀργῶν ἐπιθυμιῶνPl.R. 572e.
3. president or presiding officer, “π. τοῦ γυμνασίουCIG2881.16 (Branchidae), cf. OGI130.16 (Egypt, ii B.C.), Supp.Epigr.4.598.37 (Teos, i B.C.), IG22.1368.13; π. συνεδρίου ib.9(2).205.33 (Aetolian League); προβούλων ib.9(1).694.116 (Corc.); [γερουσίας] ib.7.2808 (Hyettus, iii B.C.); δαμιοργῶν ib.5(1).1425.16 (Messene); [βουλᾶς] ib.14.256.5 (Phintias); “τῆς μέσης ἈκαδημίαςS.E.P.1.232: freq. in pl., = πρυτάνεις, SIG194.15 (Amphipolis, iv B.C.), etc.; γνώμα προστατᾶν ib.187.1 (Cnidus, iv B.C.), cf. IG12(8).264.13 (Thasos, iv B.C.).
III. one who stands before and protects, guardian, champion, “πυλωμάτωνA.Th.408, cf. 798; “πόλεωςPl.Grg.519b; [τῆς ποιητικῆς] Id.R.607d; “τῆς πάντων ἐλευθερίαςD.15.30, etc.; epith. of gods, as Apollo, S.Tr.209 (lyr.), IPE12.89 (ii A.D.).
2. at Athens, etc., patron who took charge of the interests of μέτοικοι, etc.: hence ἐπὶ προστάτου οἰκεῖν live under protection of a patron, Lys.31.9, 14, Lycurg.145; προστάτην ἐπιγράφειν τινά choose as one's patron, Luc. Peregr.11; “αὑτῷ πονηρὸν προστάτην ἐπεγράψατοAr.Pax684; “ἔχεινId.Pl.920, cf. S.OT882 (lyr.); νέμειν π. Arist.Pol.1275a13; also γράφεσθαι προστάτου to be entered by one's patron's name, be attached to a patron, “οὐ Κρέοντος προστάτου γεγράφομαιS.OT411.
3. = Lat. patronus, Plu.Rom.13, Mar.5, IG3.687, 14.1078 (Rome, iii A.D.), OGI549.6 (Ancyra, iii A.D.), etc.
IV. θεοῦ π. one who stands before a god to entreat him, suppliant, S.OC1278, cf. 1171.
V. Medic., prostate gland, Herophil. ap. Gal.UP14.11 (v.l.).
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (41 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (41):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 408
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 798
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 1031
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 963
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 569
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 1128
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 684
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 920
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 2.2
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 3, 23
    • Demosthenes, On the Liberty of the Rhodians, 30
    • Demosthenes, Against Androtion, 78
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 964
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 373
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.127
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.178
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.23
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 103
    • Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, 145
    • Lysias, Against Philon, 9
    • Plato, Republic, 572e
    • Plato, Republic, 565d
    • Plato, Republic, 607d
    • Plato, Gorgias, 519b
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1171
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1278
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 882
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 411
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 209
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.82
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.75
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.46
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.3.41
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 7.2.23
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 3.1.3
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.1.36
    • Xenophon, On the Cavalry Commander, 6
    • Xenophon, On the Cavalry Commander, 2.2
    • Plutarch, Romulus, 13
    • Plutarch, Caius Marius, 5
    • Lucian, De morte Peregrini, 11
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: