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προτρέπω ,
A.urge forwards; used by Hom. only intr. in Med. or Pass., turn to flight, “προτρέποντο μελαινάων ἐπὶ νηῶνIl.5.700; of the sun, “ὅτ᾽ ἂν ἂψ ἐπὶ γαῖαν ἀπ᾽ οὐρανόθεν προτράπηταιOd.11.18, cf. 12.381: metaph., ἄχεϊ προτραπέσθαι give myself up to grief, Il.6.336.
II. later, in Act., urge on, impel, τίς σ᾽ ἀνάγκῃ τῇδε προτρέπει; S.El.1193; “π. τινάIsoc.5.123; opp. κωλύω, Arist.EN1113b26: c. acc. pers. et inf., urge on, impel, persuade one to do a thing, Hdt.9.90, S.Ant.270; “π. τὰ δέοντα ποιεῖν ὑμᾶςD.2.3, cf. BGU164.17 (ii/iii A.D.), etc.; “π. τοὺς δικαστὰς ὀργίζεσθαιAeschin.2.3; “ καλῶς προτρέπων ἐρᾶνPl. Smp.181a; προτρέψαι (or -τρέψασθαι)“ τινὰ ὥστε πειρᾶσθαιTh.8.63: folld. by a Prep., π. τινὰ εἰς or ἐπὶ φιλοσοφίαν, Pl.Euthd.275a,307a; “ἐπ᾽ ἐλευθερίαν τὰ πλήθηId.Lg.699e; “ἐπ᾽ ἀρετήνIsoc.2.8, Lycurg. 10, etc.; “ἐπὶ τὰς ἀδικίαςIsoc.7.46; “πρὸς τὸ παρέπεσθαιPl.Phd.89a, etc.; “συμβουλεύει προτρέπων ἀποτρέπωνArist.Rh.1358b15:— Med., c. acc. pers. et inf., A.Pr.990, S.OT358, etc.; προτρέπεσθαι ἀνθρώπους ἐπ᾽ ἀρετήν, τοὺς συνόντας πρὸς ἐγκράτειαν, X.Mem.1.4.1, 4.5.1; “νόμοι πολίτας ἐς δικαιοσύνην π.Id.Cyr.2.2.14; “προὐτ ράπετο εἰς τὸ διαλέγεσθαιPl.Prt.348c; “πρὸς ἀρετῆς ἐπιτηδεύματα π. τοὺς πολίταςId.Lg.711b; ὡς . . προετρέψατο Σόλων τὸν Κροῖσον εἴπας . ., ἐπειρώτα . . , as Solon's story led Croesus on, he asked, Hdt.1.31; προτρέψομαι I will lay an injunction on thee, S.OT1446 (v.l.); prescribe, “ἐν τῇ φαρμακείῃHp.Nat.Hom.9, but cf. Gal.15.122, 19.133:—Pass., to be persuaded or influenced, “ὑπὸ τῶν ὀρνίθων ἀποτρέπεσθαι καὶ π.X. Mem.1.1.4, cf. Luc.Icar.29: c. inf., “ὑπ᾽ ἐκείνων -τραπήσεσθαι τι ἂν κελεύωνται ποιεῖνPhld.Mus.p.87K.; “ὑπὸ τῆς ἐλπίδος π.SIG1073.37 (Olympia, ii A.D.); “προετράπη γράψαιAch.Tat.Vit.Arat.p.77 Maass.
III. promote, οὖρα, χυμόν, Gal.11.32; γάλα, σπέρμα, ib. 771:—Pass., ἢν προτρέπηται ὁποῖα δεῖ if stimulated in the right way, Hp.Acut.51.
IV. in Med., outstrip, outdo, “πάντας ἐν τῷ πίνεινPlu. 2.624c.
V. search out, discover, E.Hipp.715 (acc. to Sch.; dub.l.).
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hide References (31 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (31):
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 3
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 990
    • Demosthenes, Olynthiac 2, 3
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 715
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.31
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.90
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.700
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.336
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.18
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.381
    • Isocrates, Areopagiticus, 46
    • Isocrates, To Nicocles, 8
    • Isocrates, To Philip, 123
    • Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, 10
    • Plato, Laws, 699e
    • Plato, Laws, 711b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 89a
    • Plato, Symposium, 181a
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 275a
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 307a
    • Plato, Protagoras, 348c
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 270
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1193
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 358
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1446
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 2.2.14
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.4.1
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 4.5.1
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.1.4
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.63
    • Lucian, Icaromenippus, 29
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