A.tower, esp. such as were attached to the walls of a city, Il.7.219, al., Hes.Sc.242, Hdt.3.74, al., Th.2.17, al., Plb.5.99.9, etc.: in pl., city walls or ramparts with their towers, Il.7.338, 437; in sg., “ἧντ᾽ ἐπὶ πύργῳ” 3.153, cf. 22.447; “πόλιος ἣν πέρι πύργος ὑψηλός” Od.6.262; “πέριξ δὲ πύργος εἶχ᾽ ἔτι πτόλιν” E.Hec.1209; “πύργους ἐπὶ τῶν γεφυρῶν ἐπιστῆσαι” Pl.Criti.116a.
c. tower on the back of war-elephants, Arr.Tact.2.4.
2. metaph., tower of defence, τοῖος . . σφιν π. ἀπώλεο, of Ajax, Od.11.556; “ἄνδρες πόλιος π. ἀρεύϊος” Alc.Supp.1a.10; “παῖς ἄρσην πατέρ᾽ ἔχει π. μέγαν” E.Alc.311, cf. Med.390; “ἅπας μοι π. Ἑλλήνων πατρίς” Trag.Adesp.392; θανάτων δ᾽ ἐμᾷ χώρᾳ π. ἀνέστα a tower of defence from deaths, S.OT1201 (lyr.).
3. the part of a house (prob. a separate building) in which the women lived and worked, “αἱ ἄλλαι θεράπαιναι ἐν τῷ π. ἦσαν, οὗπερ διαιτῶνται” D.47.56; esp. if unmarried, as Hero in her tower, Musae.32,187, cf. Philostr.Jun.Im.1; of the workman's hut of Timon the misanthrope (which also became his tomb, cf. Luc.Tim.42), Paus.1.30.4, cf. AP 7.402 (Antip.); outbuildings, esp. if used in industry, LXX Is.5.2, Mi.4.8, PStrassb.110.6 (iii B.C.), BGU1194.9 (ii B.C.), 650.8 (i A.D.), POxy.243.15 (i A.D.), Ev.Marc.12.1, Ev.Luc.14.28, PGiss.67.16 (ii A.D.), IG22.2776.65 (ii A.D.); “π. ἐν ᾧ βαφεῖον καὶ ἕτερα χρηστήρια” PLond.2.371.3 (i A.D.).
2. at Teos, a division of the people, CIG3064,3081, al.
III. dice-box, AP9.482.24 (Agath.); cf. Lat. pyrgus.