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πυκν-όω ,
A.make close or solid, “τὴν σάρκαArist.Pr.865b18, cf. Phld. Mort.8; of winds, νέφεσι π. τὸν οὐρανόν thickens it, Arist.Mete.364b24:—Pass., of vapour and air, ib.342a21, 344b4; “νεφῶν πυκνουμένωνEpicur.Nat.14 Fr.6.
2. contract, condense, opp. μανόω, Arist.Spir. 485a31; of the effect of cold, Id.GA783b1:—Pass., of frozen water, Antipho Soph.29, Arist.Metaph.1042b28, Mu.394a33; σίδηρος ὑπὸ τοῦ ψυχροῦ πυκνοῦται is contracted, Plu.Alc.6; of steam, “ ἀτμὸς -οῦται καὶ σταγόνες ἀποπίπτουσιHp.Flat.8.
II. pack close, ἑωυτούς close their ranks, Hdt.9.18, cf. Ascl.Tact.10.4, Ael.Tact.11.2 (Pass.); “τὸ βάθος ἐπὶ τὸ δεξιόνPlb.18.24.8; “τὴν τάξιν εἰς βάθοςPlu.Flam.8; σαυτὸν στρόβει πυκνώσας spin yourself round and concentrate your thoughts, Ar.Nu.701 (lyr.):—Pass., to be compressed, “εἰς ἐλάττω τόπονArist.Cael.296a18; [“τὴν διάνοιαν] πυκνοῦσθαι εἰκόςPlu.2.715c; τῷ πνεύματι πυκνουμένῳ, i.e. without taking breath, Id.Dem.11.
b. in Logic, πυκνοῦται τὸ μέσον is compressed, becomes closer in signification, Arist.APo.84b35; also πεπύκνωται [ὁ Λυσίας] τοῖς νοήμασι, of a terse style, D.H.Lys.5.
III. close, shut up, “π. τοὺς πόρουςThphr.Sud.27; “τὸν στόμαχονPlu.2.687d; “φλέβες πυκνωθεῖσαιHp.Salubr.7.
IV. Pass., to be thickly covered, γῆ τῶν [ἰχνῶν] πυκνοῦται with traces, X.Cyn.5.7.
V. intr., become dense, Arist. Mete.344a30, Pr.934b15: in Tactics, “πεπυκνωκότες ἀπὸ τῶν κεράτων ἐπὶ τὰ μέσαPlb.3.115.6, cf. Ascl.Tact.4.4, Ael.Tact.11.6.
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hide References (9 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (9):
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 701
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.18
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 5.7
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.24.8
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.115.6
    • Plutarch, Alcibiades, 6
    • Plutarch, Demosthenes, 11
    • Plutarch, Titus Flamininus, 8
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Lysia, 5
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