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θηρίον , τό (in form Dim. of θήρ),
A.wild animal, esp. of such as are hunted, μάλα γὰρ μέγα θηρίον ἦεν, of a stag, Od.10.171, 180 (never in Il.); in Trag. only in Satyric drama, S.Ichn.147 (dub. in A.Fr.26): used in Prose for θήρ, X.An.1.2.7, Isoc.12.163, etc.; of the spider's prey, Arist.HA623a27; freq. of elephants, Plb.11.1.12, al.: pl., beasts, opp. men, birds, and fishes, h.Ven.4, Hdt.3.108.
2. generally, animal, Id.1.119; “νενόμισται πῦρ θ. εἶναι ἔμψυχονId.3.16; of men, “ἄνθρωπος πάντων θ. θεειδέστατονAntipho Soph.48; “εἰς θηρίου βίον ἀφικνεῖσθαιPl.Phdr.249b; also “θ. ὕειονId.R.535e; of the dog, Theoc.25.79; of fishes, Arist.HA598b1; of eels, Antiph.147.7; of leeches, IG4.951.101 (Epid.); of other small creatures, Arist.HA 552b11, 625b32, Hp. ap. Gal.19.103, Theoc.19.6; “οὐκ ἔστιν οὐδὲν θ. τῶν ἰχθύων ἀτυχέστερονAntiph.161.1; opp. plants, Pl.Smp.188b: prov., θηρίον θεός, either above or below the nature of man, Arist. Pol.1253a29, cf. EN1145a25.
3. beast, esp. as hostile and odious to man, θηρία τε καὶ βοτά carnivora and graminivora, Pl.Mx.237d; monster, creature, of sharks, etc., Hdt.6.44; of Typhon, etc., Pl. Phdr.230a, R.588e; of the Satyrs, S.Ichn. l.c.; ταυτὶ ποδαπὰ τὰ θ.; Ar.Nu.184, cf. Av.93.
b. poisonous animal, Dsc.1.75, Act.Ap. 28.4.
II. Medic.,= θηρίωμα, Hp.Coac.459, Loc.Hom.29, cf. Gal. l.c.
III. as a term of reproach, beast, creature, “ δειλότατον σὺ θηρίονAr.Pl.439, cf. Eq.273; “κόλακι, δεινῷ θηρίῳPl.Phdr.240b; “Κρῆτες, κακὰ θ.Epimenid.1; δυσνουθέτητον θ., of poverty, Men. Georg.78; “ μουσικὴ ἀεί τι καινὸν θηρίον τίκτειAnaxil.27, cf. Eup.132; τί δέ, εἰ αὐτοῦ τοῦ θηρίου ἠκούσατε; said by Aeschines of Demosthenes, Plin.Ep.2.3.10; θ. συνεστιώμενον, of woman, Secund. Sent.8.
IV. Astron., the constellation Lupus, Eudox. ap. Hipparch. 1.2.20, Vett. Val.6.13.
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hide References (22 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (22):
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 93
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 273
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 439
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1145a.25
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.119
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.108
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.16
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.44
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.171
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 5 to Aphrodite, 4
    • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 163
    • Plato, Republic, 535e
    • Plato, Republic, 588e
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 230a
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 240b
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 249b
    • Plato, Symposium, 188b
    • Plato, Menexenus, 237d
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.2.7
    • Polybius, Histories, 11.1.12
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 184
    • New Testament, Acts, 28.4
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