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θῦμα , ατος, τό, (θύω A)
A.victim, sacrifice, SIG56.31 (Argos, v B.C.), A. Ag.1310, S.Ph.8,Ar.Av.901, Wilcken Chr.1 iii 3 (iii B.C.), etc.; “τὸ θ. τοῦ ἈπόλλωνοςTh.5.53; θ. θύειν, θύσασθαι, Pl.Plt.290e, R.378a, etc.; usu. of animals, but πάγκαρπα θ. offerings of all fruits, S.El.634; <ἁγνὰ> θ., opp. ἱερεῖα, expld. by Sch. as cakes in the form of animals, Th.1.126, cf. Pl.Lg.782c, Poll.1.26: prov., θ. Δελφόν 'Barmecide's feast', Call.Iamb.1.98.
2. pl., of animals slaughtered for food, LXX Ge.43.16.
3. metaph., of persons, θ. λεύσιμον, prob. of Clytemnestra, A.Ag.1118 (lyr.); “πρόκεισθε θύματα τῆς ἡμετέρας ἐξουσίαςHdn.2.13.5.
II. act of sacrifice, ὧδ᾽ ἦν τὰ κείνης θ. S.El.573. [θυ^μα only Supp.Epigr.2.518 (Rome, iv A.D.), cf. Hdn.Gr.2.15.]
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hide References (12 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (12):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1118
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1310
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 901
    • Plato, Laws, 782c
    • Plato, Republic, 378a
    • Plato, Statesman, 290e
    • Sophocles, Electra, 573
    • Sophocles, Electra, 634
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 8
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.53
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.126
    • Old Testament, Genesis, 43.16
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