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σοφισ-τής , οῦ, ,
A.master of one's craft, adept, expert, of diviners, Hdt.2.49; of poets, “μελέταν σοφισταῖς πρόσβαλονPi.I.5(4).28, cf. Cratin.2; of musicians, “σοφιστὴς . . παραπαίων χέλυνA.Fr.314, cf. Eup.447, Pl.Com. 140; σοφιστῇ Θρῃκί (sc. Thamyris) E.Rh.924, cf. Ath.14.632c: with modal words added, “οἱ ς. τῶν ἱερῶν μελῶνAel.NA11.1; of the Creator of the universe ( δημιουργός, πάνυ θαυμαστὸν λέγεις ς. Pl.R.596d; of cooks, “εἰς τοὺς ς. τὸν μάγειρον ἐγγράφωAlex.149.14, cf. Euphro 1.11; οἱ τὴν ἱππείαν ς. skilled in . . , Ael.NA13.9: metaph., ς. πημάτων deviser, contriver of pains, E.Heracl.993:—then,
2. wise, prudent or statesmanlike man, in which sense the seven Sages are called σοφισταί, Hdt.1.29, cf. Isoc.15.235, Arist.Fr.5, D.61.50; of Pythagoras, Hdt.4.95; of natural philosophers, Hp.VM20; of Isocrates and Plato, D.H.Comp.25; of the Βραχμᾶνες, Arr.An.6.16.5, cf. γυμνοσοφισταί; freq. with a slightly iron. sense, “ἵνα μάθῃ ς. ὢν Διὸς νωθέστεροςA.Pr.62, cf. 944; “ψυχή . . κρείσσων σοφιστοῦ παντὸς εὑρέτιςS.Fr. 101, cf. E.Hipp.921: prov., “μισῶ σοφιστὴν ὅτις οὐχ αὑτῷ σοφόςId.Fr. 905: of the philosophic sage, Aristid.2.311 J.
II. from late v B.C., a Sophist, i.e. one who gave lessons in grammar, rhetoric, politics, mathematics, for money, such as Prodicus, Gorgias, Protagoras, “τὴν σοφίαν τοὺς ἀργυρίου τῷ βουλομένῳ πωλοῦντας σοφιστὰς ἀποκαλοῦσινX.Mem.1.6.13, cf. Cyn.13.8, Th.3.38, Pl.Prt.31 3c, Euthd.271c, La. 186c, Men.85b, Isoc.15.148, Arist.SE165a22; “ς. ἄχρηστοι καὶ βίου δεόμενοιLys.33.3; but sts. even of Socrates (though he did not teach for money), Aeschin.1.173; so of Christ, Luc.Peregr.13: hence (from the ill repute of the professed sophists at Athens),
2. sophist (in bad sense), quibbler, cheat, Ar.Nu.331,1111, al., Pl.Sph. 268d; “γόητα καὶ σοφιστὴν ὀνομάζωνD.18.276.
3. later of the ῥήτορες, Professors of Rhetoric, and prose writers of the Empire, such as Philostratus and Libanius, Suid.; “Ἀπολλωνίδῃ σοφιστῇPLips. 97 X 18 (iv A.D.); freq. as a title in epitaphs, IG3.625,637,680,775, 14.935.
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hide References (31 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (31):
    • Aeschines, Against Timarchus, 173
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 944
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 62
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1111
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 276
    • Demosthenes, Erotic Essay, 50
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 993
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 921
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 924
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.49
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.29
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.95
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 148
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 235
    • Lysias, Olympic Oration, 3
    • Plato, Republic, 596d
    • Plato, Sophist, 268d
    • Plato, Laches, 186c
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 271c
    • Plato, Meno, 85b
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.38
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.6.13
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 13.8
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 101
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 331
    • Hippocrates, De prisca medicina, 20
    • Lucian, De morte Peregrini, 13
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 6.16.5
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Compositione Verborum, 25
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 11.1
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 13.9
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