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σύνοδος (B), ,
A.assembly, meeting, esp. for deliberation, Orac. ap. Hdt.9.43, And.1.47, Th.1.96,119, IG42(1).68.93 (Epid., iv B.C.), etc.; “ξ. ἈχαιῶνE.Hec.107 (anap.); “ς. κώμηςBGU1648.6 (ii A.D.); “ς. συλλεγῆναιHdt.9.27; “ποιῆσαιAr.Th.301 (prose decree); “ἀπὸ κοινῶν ξ. βουλεύεινTh.1.97; ἐκ τῶν ξ. Id.5.17; ς. πρὸς τῷ διαιτητῇ meeting of parties in court, D.54.29: pl., of political clubs or conspiracies, Sol.4.22, Ar.Eq.477, Th.3.82, Pl.Tht.173d; ἑταιρείας μὴ ποιεῖσθε μηδὲ ς. Isoc.3.54; also of private meetings or gatherings for discussion, διαλεκτικαὶ ς. Arist.Top.159a32; of synods of the church, Cod.Just.
2. national gathering, Th.3.104, Pl.Smp.197d; αἱ ἀρχαῖαι θυσίαι καὶ ς. Arist.EN1160a26: hence, society for festal purposes, “τῶν ἐρανιστῶνIG22.1369.32; “τῶν μυστῶνSIG851.25 (Smyrna, ii A.D.); “τῶν ἈσκλαπιαστᾶνIG42(1).679 (Epid.).
3. company, guild, “τεχνιτᾶνSIG698.1 (Delph., ii B.C.); [συγγεωργῶν] Sammelb.7457.5,9 (ii B.C.); athletic club, OGI486.17 (Pergam., ii A.D.), 713.9 (Alexandria, iii A.D.); ἱερὰ ξυστικὴ περιπολιστικὴ . . ς. PLond.3.1178.38 (ii A.D.), cf. POxy.908.9 (ii A.D.), IG22.1350.
4. in hostile sense, meeting of two armies, Ar.Ra.1532, Th.3.107, 5.70, X.An.1.10.7, etc.
5. = συνουσία, sexual intercourse, Arist.HA541a31, Clearch.49, Ph.1.148, Plu.Lyc. 15, Gal.15.47.
II. of things, coming together, constriction, κυάνεαι σύνοδοι θαλάσσας, of the straits of the Bosporus, E.IT393 (lyr.); ς. τοῦ πλησίον ἀλλήλων τεθῆναι the coming together resulting from juxtaposition, Pl.Phd.97a; τῆς πιλήσεως ς. Id.Ti. 58b; τοῦ ὕδατος ς., viz. ice, ib.61a; ὅσον διαχυτικὸν . . τῶν περὶ τὸ στόμα ς. whatever relaxes . . constriction in the organ of taste, ib. 60b; “ἀναγκαῖον τῶν τοιούτων γίνεσθαι σύνοδον, ἀλλ᾽ οὐ διὰ ψύξινArist. GA764b7; εἰς αὑτὸν ς. contraction of a muscle, Gal.UP12.8, cf. Id.4.391; ς. κατὰ [τὴν οὐσίαν] λεγομένη the union of matter and form, viz. the concrete object, Arist.Metaph.1033b17; concourse, assemblage, “παθῶνLongin.10.3; of the parts of the foetus, Sor.2.64; combination of numbers, Theol.Ar.8; “σημείωνGal.16.505.
2. Astron., conjunction, “τῶν πλανήτων καὶ πρὸς αὑτοὺς καὶ πρὸς τοὺς ἀπλανεῖςArist. Mete.343b30; of the sun and moon, Plu.2.269c, IG14.2126 (Rome); “ἡλίου καὶ σελήνηςGal.18(2).240; “ς. ἐκλειπτικὴ σελήνης πρὸς ἥλιονPlu. Rom.12; αἱ ς., of the times of new moon, Zeno Stoic.1.34; “αἱ τῶν μηνῶν ς. ψυχραὶ διὰ τὴν τῆς σελήνης ἀπόλειψινArist.GA738a20, cf. Thphr.Sign.5, LXX De.33.14.
3. Gramm., construction, A.D.Synt. 28.11, al.
III. incoming of revenue, “χρημάτων σύνοδοιHdt.1.64; revenues, ἀπὸ τῶν ς. IG11(4).1217 (Delos); τῶν φερόντων τὴν ς. τοῦ Διὸς τοῦ ξενίου ib.22.1012.15 (ii B.C.); οἱ τὴν ς. φέροντες τῷ θεῷ ib.22.1326.6. (Written sunhod-, i.e. συνὁδ-, in a Latin inscr., CIL12.2519.2,3,4 (i B.C.(?)); also synhod-, ib.6, IG14.2495 (Nemausus), CIL12.3183 (ibid.), 6.10117 (Rome).)
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hide References (28 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (28):
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 47
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 1532
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 477
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 301
    • Demosthenes, Against Conon, 29
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 107
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 393
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.64
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.27
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.43
    • Isocrates, Nicocles or the Cyprians, 54
    • Plato, Phaedo, 97a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 173d
    • Plato, Symposium, 197d
    • Plato, Timaeus, 58b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 60b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 61a
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.17
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.82
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.70
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.10.7
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.97
    • Old Testament, Deuteronomy, 33.14
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.96
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.104
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.107
    • Plutarch, Lycurgus, 15
    • Plutarch, Romulus, 12
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