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συνοικ-έω ,
A.dwell or live together, Hom.Epigr. 15.15, Pl.R.577a, etc.; ξ. τινί live with, A.Ch.909, Ar.Av.414 (lyr.), Th.6.63, etc.; “ξ. τῇδ᾽ ὁμοῦS.Tr.545; “ς. μετά τινωνPlu.Rom.9; of peoples, live together, form a community, “συνοικήσων τούτοισιHdt.4.148: abs., S.OT57, Th.2.68.
2. live with in wedlock, of the man, Hdt.1.91, 196, E.Med.242, Ar.Pax708, Pl.Criti.113d, PEnteux. 91.2 (iii B.C.), etc.; of the woman, ἔοισα (fort. νέοισι)“ γεραιτέραSapph. 75, cf. Hdt.1.37, 108, E.Andr.18, etc.: abs., live in wedlock, Hdt.1.93, 4.168, 1 Ep.Pet.3.7, etc.; τούτων συνοικησάντων γίνεται Κλεισθένης from their marriage sprang Cleisthenes, Hdt.6.131.
3. metaph. of feelings, circumstances, etc., μυρίον ἄχθος ξυνοικεῖ with which he dwells, S.Ph.1168 (lyr.); “ς. φόβῳE.Heracl.996; ἡδοναῖς, ἀμαθίᾳ, Pl.R.587c, Alc.1.118b; “φόβοιςPhld.Ir.p.56 W.; βαρυτάτη συνοικῆσαι (sc. ἄνομος μοναρχία) Pl.Plt.302e; also ἱππικοῖς ἐν ἤθεσιν πολὺς ξ. being much versed in their ways, E.Hipp.1220 codd. (sed leg. ἱππικοῖσιν ἤθεσιν).
b. reversely, with the thing as subject, “γῆρας ἵνα πρόπαντα κακὰ κακῶν ξυνοικεῖS.OC1238 (lyr.); “ ἂν συνοικίᾳ μήτε πλοῦτος συνοικῇ μήτε πενίαPl.Lg.679b; “ὅπου ς. ἐρημίαLyc.957; of the poisoned robe of Heracles, cling closely, S.Tr.1055.
c. Astrol., share the same domicile, “ὅταν Παφίη Ἑρμῇ στείχουσα συνοικῇMan. 5.165.
II. c. acc. loci, people or colonize jointly with, “ς. Κυρηναίοισι ΛιβύηνHdt.4.159; “Τροιζηνίοις Ἀχαιοὶ συνῴκησαν ΣύβαρινArist. Pol.1303a29:—Pass., of a place, to be thickly peopled, X.Oec.4.8, Pl.Criti.117e, Str.6.2.4, Plu.Num.15, etc.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (32):
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    • Plato, Laws, 679b
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    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.68
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    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.63
    • New Testament, 1 Peter, 3.7
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    • Plutarch, Romulus, 9
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